Old Inns and Public Houses

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Old Local Inns
This page draws together snippets from a wide range of sources (listed at the page-bottom). It is not the definitive list of local hostelries by a long chalk and there will be many gaps and inaccuracies but it might be a starting point for further research into what had always been an essential part of social life over the centuries.

You can be sure that beer and wine has a very long history in this country. Given the poor drinking water supplies of the old days, it was often necessary to add beer to the available water to help purify it and make it safer to drink, as in 'Small Beer' which even children would drink. It was not strong enough to cause drunkenness but was enough to reduce the water-borne diseases such as cholera. As water was boiled as part of the beer-making process, that along with the yeast fermentation helped to purify the actual drink. You might compare the addition of alcohol to drinking water to make it safer with the use of alcohol to kill the Covid-19 virus.

Beer was for the masses but wine was more for the wealthy and would be imported. Of course, wine goes back to well before Roman times but was less available in the northern and colder climates where grapes would not thrive. The Magna Carta of 1215 standardised the wine measures in England. Mead was a popular drink made from honey and goes back to the most ancient days. A Chinese vase made around 7,000 BC was found to have traces of mead in it. In this country, it was mostly associated with the monasteries, which had bee-keepers to produce honey, mead and beeswax for sale. That was fine until the monasteries were disbanded between 1536 and 1541 by King Henry VIII. It was a revolutionary act which changed the landscape - and largely finished the supply of mead. It never came back.

In the 15th Century, there were three main types of drink outlets, Alehouses, Taverns and Inns:

This is cold tea.Another way of looking at it is: Beerhouses supplied ordinary people with beer, Alehouses could sell more than just beer, Taverns also sold wine, perhaps for the more affluent customers, and Inns provided accommodation as well as food and drink. These days the names are chosen for effect rather than function and an Inn might not have any accommodation at all. At one time, an Inn would be required by law to provide overnight accommodation, food and drink to ensure the survival of the weary traveller.

'By 1552, the Alehouse Act required Alehouse keepers to be licenced for the sale of wines and spirits, by the local Justices. By 1729, the Justices would hold annual Brewster Sessions to licence retailers. The Beerhouse Act of 1830 allowed a householder to retail beer from their house, upon an annual payment of two Guineas = £2, 2shillings, which in modern UK money is £2 10pence. Many of these Public Houses were run by women. The annual payment had become a licence by 1860. Victualler' = A supplier of 'victuals' (food, drink or provisions). Pronounced 'Vittler' and 'Vittles' respectively.

You might be surprised to learn which familiar local shops were beerhouses in the olden days, as in the table below. The Penistone area had plenty of watering holes and at least two breweries at one time (see bottom of page) but several new drinking places arrived after the railway opened in 1846 and the ironworks some time later, with the consequent rapid increase in local population. As there was not much else in the way of accessible entertainment, local beer houses thrived in those days, although there had always been sporadic entertainments such as music and plays. Annual fairs were also big events in rural areas.

A wide range of activities were based on the public houses. There are old records of auctions and public meetings before the days of the Town Hall and Community Centre. On occasions, public houses were used to contain arrested criminals, to act as temporary operating theatres after serious accidents or even to hold the consequent inquests. Without the public houses, many of the clubs, societies and bands that we take for granted might never have been formed. Links at the bottom of this page explain the background of public house names and traditions in England.

Hostelries Before and After 1822
Many local beerhouses had been and gone by 1822, as listed in various old Directories and almanacks, but it is interesting to note that some of the very old names are still familiar because they have managed to continue in business to modern times. To people 'of a certain age' several others are also familiar, such as the Black Bull of Thurlstone; the Rose and Crown of Ingbirchworth and the Rose and Crown of Penistone, as they had closed only in relatively recent times.

White Hart 1962This list appeared in a Penistone Almanack of around 1877, referring to the listing in the 1822 Baines Directory of those which were open in our district at the time:

The 1953 Penistone Almanack includes the following beerhouses as existing in 1822 but which had later disappeared:

White's Directory 1837
Looking at 'Inns and Taverns' under 'Professions and Trades', these names are listed:
Hannah Mosley at the Fleece, Abel Marsh at the Horns Tavern, Joseph Bedford at the Old Crown, Jonathan Brown at the Rose & Crown Inn, John Barrow at the Spread Eagle, Wm. Hepplestone at the White Hart and Ann Green was still at the Black Swan, Bridge End.

Langsett Parish Council
Some of the old inns and pubs in the Langsett area are noted in brief at the Langsett Parish Council website, with some later photographs. Many thanks to Mr Peter Lawford of Canada for pointing me to their site.

Balti House The Commercial Rose & Crown Wiseman's Co-operative Store
Horns Inn - now
the 'Balti House'
Commercial Inn - now
'Caroline's Hair Studio'
The Rose and Crown
became Pennine Law offices
The Prince of Wales
became Wiseman's
The Fleece Inn - now
'Images' and 'Barista-Cucina'

Penistone Streets
Please note that streets were not named nor houses numbered in our area until November 1881. In the UK, the houses are given odd numbers on one side and even numbers on the other, with the numbers starting from the end nearest the town or village centre. Sometimes Market Street/High Street was called 'Penistone Street' or 'Town Street' in old books and early almanacks, before the official names were ascribed. It did not help that Market Street and High Street are a continuation of the same street. The end nearest Clark's Chemist is Market Street and High Street begins from Gregg's (No. 1 High Street) opposite Park Avenue, with the odd numbers on that side. Changes to buildings and roads took place over time which must have blurred the natural boundaries. It looks as though some of the house numbers also changed over time.

A Loose Inn-keeper
I have a loose end here. One of the gravestones in Penistone churchyard has this information: 'Robert Walker, died 9th Sept 1762, aged 18 years, son of Penistone Inn-keeper Robert Walker. Also Ann, wife of Robert, died 18th August 1771, aged 65. Also Robert, died 18th December 1773, aged 73.'
But which Inn did Robert Sr run?

Old Name Now Location Notes
An Alehouse
Closed 1844
? By Stottercliff,
An alehouse of unknown name was kept by James Bradbury. It was located on the site of Rose Cottage, which is on the end of Stottercliff Road, Thurlstone, near the bad bend.
Angel Inn Grange Farm Ingbirchworth This one appears in Mrs Margaret Marsh's archive, which says it was 'Known as Angel Inn in 1624, with a sundial over the door, name Mr Micklethwaite.'
The Angel ? Woodhead No details except that it was demolished.
Barrel Inn
(later 'Club Inn')
Mustard Pot Midhope This was built in 1760 as a farm and became the Barrel Inn in 1780. Mr Joseph Simmons renamed it the 'Club Inn' and it continued with that name for more than a century. It had been much frequented by local farmers until its fortunes began to wane (some pictures on Stocksbridge Times Past). It gained a new lease of life in recent times and re-invented as a gastropub, leaning towards a more affluent clientele and renamed The Mustard Pot. It retains many old traditional features, such as stone-flagged floors, oak beams and open, log-burning fireplaces. Past innkeepers are listed in the Mustard Pot's (Facebook) informative History Page:
  • 1760 - 1780, Used as a farm. Another nearby building had been the alehouse.
  • 1780 - 1814, Ann Kay - Now an inn named the 'Barrel Inn'
  • 1814 - 1824, Joseph Kay
  • 1824 - 1840, William Kay.
    On hunting days, it was nicknamed 'The Club'
  • 1840 - 1854, Joseph Kay
  • 1854 - 1855, John Kay.
    For a time called it 'The Ship'
  • 1855 - 1860, Mrs Ann Kay.
    Reinstated 'The Barrel Inn'
  • 1860 - 1883, Joseph Siddons.
    Renamed it the 'Club Inn'
  • 1883 - 1888, Mrs Ann Kay Siddons
  • 1889 - 1898, Herbert Woodhouse
  • 1899 - 1905, Isaac Waterhouse
  • 1906 - 1912, Schofield Sykes
  • 1912 - 1926, Mrs Jane Wood
  • 1926 - 1931, Miss Nellie Wood
  • 1931 - 1955, Aaron Elliot
  • 1955 - 1970, John Genn
  • 1970 - 1992, Robert Genn
  • 1992 - 1999, Barbara Elizabeth Lee
  • 2001 - 2007, Andrew David Hodgkiss.
    Major refurbishment, re-opened as 'Ye Olde Mustard Pot'
  • 2007 - 2008, Carina Porte & Alex McLean-Smith
  • 2008 - 2011, Christopher Jessop
  • 2011 - 2017, Kelly Groves
  • April 2017 to present, David Browell.
Barrel Inn ? 25 High St. Described as The Barrel Inn, Rosemary Topping, Top o' the Hill, 25 High Street. Kept by Isaac Leigh. This might have been on the site of the car spares shop. You can make out where an archway passed though to the rear. The house numbers might have changed at one time.
Bay Horse Became
Algy Arms,
Boshaw Trout
Hade Edge This had for a long time been the Bay Horse until a whole swathe of posh executive houses were build close by. Its customers had previously been mostly drawn from Dickenson's yogurt factory just down the road. The Bay Horse also had a football team. It has been said that a nearby band room was built by the factory owner for Hade Edge Band. The former Bay Horse and later Algy Arms is now called Boshaw Trout after its proximity to Boshaw Reservoir at Hade Edge. According to 'What Pub', The Algy had been 'Named after a dear friend who, in turn, was nicknamed after a character from the Biggles novels.' And here's me thinking it was named after blue-green algae on the reservoir.
Birch Tree Inn Closed 1822 Behind the
Spread Eagle
This was open around 1810 and kept by Benjamin and John Rayner. It was located behind the Spread Eagle in Marsden Square (which has acquired a new name after Penistone 1 opened). It is possible that The Birch Tree was the forerunner to 'The Loft' cafe building.
Black Bull Demolished Thurlstone Fell into decline in the 1990s and closed. It always looked to be a popular pub to me. The site is now occupied by a row of houses.
Black Rag ? Thurlstone-ish Beerhouse located on the South side of the road between Thurlstone and Millhouse. No further details but its name suggests a connection with Durrans Blacking factory nearby. Its location is like the Brass Rapper, below, which raises the question of it being the same place at a different time.
Black Swan Replaced by
The Bridge,
which is
still open.
By Penistone Bridge Listed in an 1822 Penistone directory, with Ann Green (Nanny Green) as victualler. In 1865, Mr Amos Green removed from the old Black Swan to a 'New Black Swan' which he had built next door, later to become the Bridge Inn. That was described as 'in every way superior to the old one' and 'more commodious.' The old one would be somewhere near the current car park to the right of the Bridge Inn. The licence transfer was authorised at Barnsley Court House. The following year, an inquest was held on Edward Laycock, following an accident at the old Penistone Railway Station (near where St Mary's Roundabout is now), at Ann Green's 'Bridge Inn'. What Amos Green had originally called the New Black Swan when applying for a licence was then named The Bridge Inn or Hotel, after its proximity to Penistone Bridge. More recently, 'the bridge' (without capital letters) received a completely new interior in the 2000s. See the White Hart history page which has some aerial views of the Bridge Inn. See also the Bridge Inn tour page.
Blacksmith's Arms Current Lee Lane,
Millhouse Green
Lee Lane is the Holmfirth road and this pub and the school are close to the junction with the main road. From their website: 'The Blacksmiths Arms, one of the oldest buildings in Millhouse Green, was built almost 200 years ago and originally incorporated a blacksmith's forge, serving the local farmers using the road between Penistone and Manchester, now known as the A628 Woodhead Road.' In the 1822 Thurlstone directory, J Whitaker was listed as victualler. In 1888 the landlord of two years, Harry Hey, shot dead his domestic servant Margaret Hill, while suffering from delirium tremens (DTs, an effect of withdrawing from alcohol). He was found guilty at Leeds Assizes of 'Wilful murder while in a state of unsound mind.' After treatment and upon recovery, he moved to Stocksbridge. The 'Arms' part of a pub's title is often heraldic but, as in this case, it can apply to a profession, as in a guild. Blacksmith's Arms.
Blue Ball Inn Formerly
Waggon and Horses, later the Royal British Legion, now Closed
Thurlstone Left side of the climbing road from the River Don bridge (Z-bend) into Thurlstone. From the 1881 Penistone Almanac it was Mr William Lake's. From a list of 27 Brook & Co. pubs, this one was acquired June 1870 by Thomas Bottomly Brook and re-sold in February 1872. Post WWII, the landlord was Albert Newton, father of Albert 'Ab' Newton who had been a Burma Campaign veteran and grandfather to Barbara Newton who passed this information to me (many thanks Barbara). The Blue Ball was the local Home Guard HQ during the war. From Marlene Marshall on Facebook (Penistone Archive Group), it had been the Waggon and Horses before the Blue Ball. It then became the British Legion for our district from 1947 to 1960. It closed around 1960 and became derelict. It was renovated and converted into flats (possibly late 1960s or early 1970s) and a New Zealander took it over (name unknown). The name 'Skyliner' in stick-on lettering was visible on glass above the door, as it had been the Citizen's Band 'handle' of its owner. He lived there from the 1970s until he died in violent circumstances in the 1980s. In fact, 'Skyliner' had been a controversial figure on CB radio, supporting as he did the Falklands campaign - for the other side. Sorting out ownership of the building after his death must have been a nightmare. After again being derelict for many years, the building was extensively renovated in recent times, with a 'To Let' sign visible in the summer of 2017.
Border Hill
Dog and
- Current
Bord(er) Hill An important stopping place on the old salter's pack-horse trade route over the moors connecting Lancashire and Cheshire with Yorkshire towns and cities. A Turnpike Road was constructed between 1732 to 1741, connecting Rotherham with Manchester and replacing parts of the old saltway. Horses were changed here when horse-drawn coaches were the norm. As a farmhouse/alehouse, Benjamin Harrap was listed as keeper in 1822. It was shown on an 1850 Ordnance Survey map as the 'Border Hill House' but a 1908 photograph shows the sign above the door as: 'Dog & Partridge Inn, Joseph G Turner, Licenced Retailer of Wines, Spirits, Beer and Tobacco.' The D & P was a proper hunting and shooting type of place and used to host sporting events on the moors, and sometimes of dubious legality. In 1981, it was the birthplace of Penistone CB Club (originally 'Genital City Breakers Club') but the club moved swiftly to the Wentworth Arms. In 'Haunted Stories': 'The Dog and Partridge is reputedly visited by ghosts from the past. The most frequent ghost is said to be one William Turner who was the Landlord of this establishment from 1917-1923. People often remark that they have witnessed an old man sitting in the easy chair next to the fire. The pub was used as a temporary mortuary in the past, bodies were brought in from the moors and nearby areas awaiting removal by the authorities.' From the Dog and Partridge website: 'Situated on the old medieval salt way route, this isolated Inn has a history that can be traced back to the Elizabethan period. Originally a farmhouse and alehouse, supplying shelter and refreshment for travelers crossing the hostile moors of the Pennines. Originally known as Border Hill House owned by the Gothard family, the Inn became known as the Dog and Partridge on receipt of its first licence in 1740. Since that time it has been under the ownership of many local land-owning families such as the Pilkingtons of Chevet Hall who still own the surrounding grouse moors today.' It continues to thrive to this day on the busy A628 road, towards the Woodhead pass. See also Langsett Parish Council and Stocksbridge History site (outlying areas).
Brass Rapper
? Nr Thurlstone A beerhouse located on the South side of the road between Thurlstone and Millhouse. No further details but its location is like the Black Rag, above, which raises the question of it being the same place with a different name.
Britannia Children's
in 2017
Spring Vale Thomas Haigh applied for the licence in 1864. he renewed it in 1865 but was opposed by Joseph Clake of the Queen's Hotel, just up the road, stating that there were six licenced houses within half a mile of the premises. The licence to Mr Haigh was granted. Spring Vale's houses, the Britannia and the Queen's Hotel were all built to accommodate the inrush of new workers with the arrival of the steelworks. In the 1990s, the Britannia became home to Penistone Folk Club, run by the local folk singer and instrumentalist, Chris McShane. The Britannia continued in its traditional style well into 2017 when signs went up for a children's nursery. An application to turn an upstairs room into a children's nursery had been rejected by Barnsley planners but this must have been resolved. Locals will remember a food van called Friar Tuck's which was often parked in the small car park. A Facebook question in 2018 was about who ran the pub in the 1980s. It led to a jumble of un-dated names. Michael Horn remembers Steve Round having it after Kenneth Crompton but without dates. Other names suggested after the Cromptons include: Fay and John, possibly Peter and Ann then two respondents remembered as Chris and Mavis Ronan, with Chris being Irish. He returned to Ireland upon giving up the pub.
Church Alehouse

('Roebrook's house')
Gone HSBC The old church ale-house would have been near the top of Church Street on land called 'Church Flatt Close.' It had three bays, a slated roof, swine-cote and garden. Matthew Roebuck was landlord in the reign of King Charles I (1625-1649). He kept his horse in stables at the top of St Mary's Street about where the former JT's furniture shop was (now Cristello's bar). In Matthew's time, it is likely that the pub regulars and boys from the Grammar School next door would enjoy cock-fighting in the nearby cock pit, which explains the name of Cockpit Lane. The soldier Adam Eyre used to drink there with his friend William Rich, referring to it in his diary as Roebuck's. On one occasion, upon returning from church he found seven pence and 'spent it at Roebuck's.' On a roughly-drawn map, 'View of the contested water course at Pennistone' dated 1749, 'Rawbrook House' is written on the aproximate position of the current Arthouse Cafe, Church Street. There is a suggestion (book source lost) that the pub was rebuilt in the early 16th century, which would make it very old indeed. Its medieval inn floor, paved with cobbles, was discovered when the school terrace was built in 1856.
The Commercial The Huntsman Thurlstone This was owned by the Brook and Co. brewery in Febraury 1884. It originally had the traditional wood-panelled bar (rather like The Albert in Huddersfield). From around 1928, Mr Lavender was landlord for 39 years. Mr Frank Harley kept the house from 1967 to 1975. See the pictures at the bottom of this page.
Commercial Inn,
later the
Traveller's Inn
Carolina's Hairdresser's shop,

formerly Swallow's barber shop.
St Mary's St., Penistone This was in the tall, narrow building, almost opposite to the current British Legion Club. In the 1860s - 1870s and probably much earlier. The Commercial was conveniently close to the old Penistone lock-up which was built in 1770 and unceremoniously demolished one Sunday in 2010. The pub had been a regular meeting place for pigeon shooters (aiming to kill the birds). As a matter of interest, one of the pigeon racers listed in an 1867 event was Mr Joseph Swallow of Crow Edge. In January 1871, Thomas William Milnes successfully applied to take over the licence from William Lake, who at the same time applied for the licence of the Blue Ball, Thurlstone. In October 1872, Thomas Milnes was charged with a breach of his licence by permitting drunkenness to take place. A man called Walker was 'so beastly drunk' that he could hardly sit on a pub bench. Witnesses were called to attest to the man not being drunk but the verdict was guilty. Mr Milnes was fined 20s with 12s costs (£1.60 in modern currency but equivalent to about £112). Thomas Milnes was still running the pub in 1879. Another landlord was George Milnes, whom we might presume was Thomas' son. It is not clear when it closed as a pub but an un-dated newspaper clipping named it as 'The Traveller's' just before it became the barber shop. For many years the building had been in the Swallow family as a gentlemen's hairdresser, first under Mr H Swallow and passed down, father to son, to the late Donald Swallow. It was reputed to have only one style, 'Short back and sides'. It had a bench seat in the style of a church pew, razor strops and a cabinet which held the mysterious 'something for the weekend', which older customers always thought amusing. There was always a red tub of Brylcreem in the window bottom, even after it closed. Throughout the 2000s, it stood empty and boarded up until 2011 when Carolina's ladies' hairdresser moved in.
Cranberry Inn Farmhouse Cranberry
Cranberry Farm by Cranberry cross-roads, up the hill from Cubley Hall. This is on a cross-roads with Mortimer Road. Mrs Margaret Marsh's archive says it was used by drovers from Scotland. It was on the old pack horse route from Woodhead to Rotherham via Hartcliff. There had also been another beerhouse nearby at Bankhouse, on the 'Old Pack Horse Road' from Woodhead to Rotherham where 'the road continues past Doubting and Mossley farms to Cranberry Inn' (note from one of the old almanacks).
Crystal Palace Current Thurlstone It was listed as one of Brook and Co. brewery's pubs November 1903. A cosy community pub in an old style. Still thriving. It now has a micro-brewery using a 2½ barrel plant which came from the now-closed Hamelsworde brewery.
Cubley Hall Current Cubley It had started as a moorland farm on the pack-horse route in the 1700s, then it was converted into a Gentleman's residence with four acres of land during the reign of Queen Victoria. It was a children's home (orphanage) from the 1930s until 1980. John Wigfield and David purchased the building with their redundancy money and transformed the mansion into a comfortable hostelry with an outdoor play area. Cubley Hall opened as a free-house public house and gastropub after work lasting at least a year. Miss Florence Lockley is the resident ghost, affectionately known as 'Flo' who was married there in 1904. It has been a great success and a very popular venue for weddings, offering everything from accommodation to the service and reception. It has a lovely wrought iron bandstand (sorry 'pavilion'). An adjacent barn was converted into a function room and carvery in the early 1990s. See Cubley Hall site and my C Hall page. Take a look at the Spooky Stories page which has more backgound to the ghost of Flo.
Dusty Miller Houses On the
Lee Lane
This was a small public house in Millhouse Green on the junction of Manchester Road and Lee Lane, heading towards Bullhouse. In 1885, it was owned by the Brook and Co. brewery. On an old photograph, a sign over the door gave the keeper's name as Arthur Horner (Penistone Archives). From a small book by Vera Nicholson ('Upper Don Watermills' p.20), we discover that the Dusty Miller closed down around 1920 and was converted into housing. A photo on that page looks towards Lee Lane from Millhouse Green. It shows the former Dusty Miller (now houses) on the left of the road junction with the Blacksmith's Arms across the junction on the right.
Fleece Inn


- a bar and
Penistone Joshua Moseley was innkeeper in 1775 and a clock-maker. he was followed by William Moseley, who was listed in an 1822 Penistone Directory as victualler and clock-maker. According to a court case, Mark Fallas was landlord in 1864, when William and Mary Sanderson were charged with 'uttering two counterfeit coins' - a bad florin in the pub and another in a shop. A later Innkeeper, Adam Aspinall, was adjudged bankrupt in 1867 and William Spooner Mitchell took over. By September 1871 The Fleece was advertised 'to let' as a going concern, described as a fully-licenced public house and one of the oldest in town. It claimed to be doing good business in both beer and spirits. At about the same time, a Brewsters' Licencing Session at Barnsley Courthouse brought a charge against WS Mitchell of the Fleece, concerning an alleged breach of his excise licence. The feeling on the bench was to reduce the number of public houses in Penistone and the licence was suspended until a new tenant could be found and proper accommodation provided at the rear of the building. As an Inn it provided accommodation but apparently not of a good standard. In a police raid two months later, a number of topers were discovered and Mr Mitchell was charged with selling cider without a licence. His defence was that it wasn't cider and that it was a private house anyway that the police had no right to enter. The bench was somewhat sceptical but dismissed the case. By now there was no prospect of the licence being reinstated. In August 1872, its furniture and public house fixtures and fittings were put up for sale by auction. From a list of 27 Brook & Co. pubs, the Fleece Inn was acquired in December 1882 by Joseph Brook. JN Dransfield said that it closed in 1873. The location was 24 Market Street, which is now Images hairdresser and for something like 18 years the Cherrydale Chinese take-away. It is now a bar and cafe.
Flouch Inn Old Inn:

Later Inn:

Now closed
Flouch This was intended to be called the 'New Inn' and stood in a partly-finished state for some years until it was completed and opened in 1827. According to Langsett Parish Council, it began around 1820. George Heward built the house upon a piece of land he had purchased from Pemberton Mimes. He had a deformity called 'slouch lip' (or hare lip), which by the usual process of corruption led to the pub's name. The current Flouch Inn is not the original building, which was on the opposite side of the road junction and converted into dwellings, but which still stand. See Stocksbridge History site (outlying areas). As an accident black spot, road improvements diverted the flow of traffic away from The Flouch, with the addition of a new roundabout about 100 yards away (A628/A616, Langsett). The Flouch had been a lively pub in the 1980s and 90s and attracted many to its disco evenings (acquiring the nickname of 'the Dancing School') but trade fell away, possibly as a result of a stricter attitude to drink-driving. It had been a hotel and, for a time, simultaneously an Indian and an Italian restaurant until well into the 2010s, when it became a Balti House and Indian take-away. As of 2017, it is closed.
George and Dragon ? Crowden A moorland beerhouse near 'The Quiet Shepherd' at Crowden. From 'Times Remembered' (see below).
The George Inn Current Upper Denby Opened in 1857, this had been a sanatorium prior to being a pub. The building, along with a barn and cart house (both demolished) are believed to be 18th century in origin. See Upper Denby Conservation Area (No 49).
Golden Cross Inn Closed
around 1920
now a Dwelling
Millhouse Green Ben Crossland was landlord in the 1870s. He was charged with a breach of his licence in November 1876 because of the alleged serving of drinks out of hours (4.30 pm). The defendents had been found drinking in a pub outhouse by a PC. The landlord said he had not seen them since 'turning out time.' The case against the landlord was dismissed. The defendents all pleaded guilty. One of them, Allen Hill, was fined 10s with costs and the remaining defendents 5s each and costs. A similar case arose in 1880 and Ben Crossland was still in charge, and again in trouble for allowing out of hours drinking. Two of the defendents were of the same Crossland family, visiting their relative and their charges were dismissed. The remaining two defendents were each fined 5s with costs. Ben Crossley was fined £1 with costs. The original address for the Golden Cross was given as Thurlstone or 'near Millhouse' but, in a list of pubs owned or leased by the Brook and Co. brewery of Penistone (Cubley bottom), which had the pub from June 1903 onwards, it put its location as Millhouse Green. Now a private cottage, 287 Manchester Road, Millhouse Green. Ben Crossland was refused a bagatelle licence in 1880 at Barnsley Brewsters' Licencing Court. Its last landlord was Jack Crossland until around 1920, when the Inn and three cottages were sold to Barnsley Brewery for £1,025.
Heeley Inn ? Hoylandswaine This would have been close to the crossroads which later became Hoylandswaine roundabout, around where there is now a veterinary. Another inn occupied a building on the opposite side of the road. There was also a toll chain on the Sheffield side in the olden days. Many thanks to Peter Lawford for this item, which needs further exploration.
Homely House Most likely
a dwelling
Robin Row,
Millhouse Green
Described in an un-dated newspaper clipping as being on the site of Rose Cottage, Thurlstone. This beerhouse appears to have been at the same address as Strettons Brewery, on Robin Row, Millhouse Green on the main Manchester Road. In the old days when the population there was very small, what we now call Millhouse Green was classed as being in Thurlstone. See the Brewery section below this table.
Horse and
? Oxspring This one appeared in Mrs Margaret Marsh's archive, with the remark that it was Jockey Farm at Oxspring.
Horns Inn
Horns Tavern
Closed 1926

now 'Penistone Spice Flame and Grill'
not clickable - Bentley's Beer
Also known as the 'Horns Coffee House and Tavern'. George Brown was listed victualler of the 'Horns Coffee House and Tavern' in a 1822 Penistone directory at what is now No. 8, Market Street, Penistone, the Balti House take-away. An un-dated newspaper clip describes it as 'now occupied by Messrs. Walker, confectioners, etc.' and having the appearance of having being originally erected as a dwelling house at a time when Penistone became industrialised and more notable as a place. The clipping also says that Eli Womack was the first tenant. Another one at the Horns, George Brown (aka 'Old Rumbo') had been known far and wide as 'Mine host of the Rose and Crown of Penistone' from his time there in the coaching days. Mrs Margaret Marsh's archive refers to the Horns as being Marsden's, but probably the location or owner rather than the keeper. There was at one time a so-called 'Poverty seat' outside the Horns, aka 'the povs' as in, "I'll be waiting at the povs at 8 o'clock" or similar. A faded, painted sign above the shop reads: 'Bentley Rotherham Beers/Ales' (enhanced, above). The 'Beers' and 'Ales' are on top of each other. Bentley's Ales later changed its name to Bentley's Beers.
The Huntress
Nan Allen's
Probably demolished Millhouse
A small public house around the close of the 19th century, 'Where Thurlstone village opened to the moor.' This would have been towards Millhouse Green, which was part of Thurlstone until it established its own identity as a hamlet. The house was named after the local character, Nan Allen, who was something of a tomboy in early life but could hold her own with the menfolk at hunting or drinking. She became an unusual thing in later life, a huntswoman with a pack of hounds. When she grew old, she was described as gaunt with a mad look in her eyes but with marvellous strength and agility. She followed the hunt into old age, carrying a long staff and she could keep up with the hounds. The house might have changed from one name to the other, or possibly both names were used at the same time. Mr Roebuck's book called it 'The Huntress' but a Penistone almanack and 'Times Remembered' called it 'The Nan Allen' (see 'Sources' below).
'Hark to cuddy, thou hast it by this,   -   I Nan Allen, the huntress.'
Junction Stanhope Arms,
now a dwelling,
'Hope House'
Dunford Bridge This grand house might appeared when the new railway was being in the mid-19th century. It later became the Stanhope Arms, at an unknown date, which closed in the 1990s after a popular run and was converted into a dwelling. It would have had some tales to tell. Given its remote location, it is likely that its demise had been gradual but inevitable, by the closure of the railway and then the drink-driving laws. Its last landlord was Edric (actually named Cedric) Foster with his then wife Ann. Edric also had the chip shop on Market Street, Penistone in the 1980s. The landlord before Edric (Brian?) is said to have built up the business on the food side.
Junction Inn Dunkirk Dunkirk It was owned by the Brook and Co. brewery in January 1893 and was sold to its landlord in 1920. Now called the Dunkirk, it is a popular food pub in spite of its out-of-the-way location but still contines as a community bar.
Last Shift ? Thurlstone Beerhouse located at the corner of Royd Lane and kept by John Senior, Blacksmith, around 1839 - 1840.
Lord Nelson Current H'Swaine The original Lord Nelson public house was built at Hoylandswaine in 1569 but it would not have been known by that name at the time as our national hero Lord Horatio Nelson, who triumphed over the French in the sea Battle of Trafalgar, would not be not born until 1758. It was acquired by the Brook and Co. brewery in 1886. Before renovation about century later it had several small rooms in the old style. It was extensively refurbished and walls were removed for the modern 'open plan' style. Although it still has a bar room with pool table to support its community function, it is mainly focussed on food these days.
Miller's Arms
Opened 1795,
Saltersbrook This was on the rough Saltway pack-horse route on the Yorkshire side of Saltersbrook bridge, which became the turnpike road to Sheffield. The Miller's Arms could be fairly rowdy, with cock fights and illegal bare-knuckle prize fights, given the ease of evading police as it was on the border between the counties of Yorkshire, Derbyshire and Cheshire. The Shepherds' Society was formed here in 1807, about thirty years before the improved road over the Border Hill (Boardhill) to Woodhead and Manchester was built (now A628). At one time, the toll road had been so busy that £1,800 had been raised through tolls. A huge amount of money at the time. Some ruins of the Miller's Arms can still be seen. The adjacent 'Ladyshaw Bridge' is on a sweeping curve of the modern road. The Miller's Arms was owned and kept for many years by the Taylor family. Thomas Taylor was victualler on a 1822 Thurlstone list.

Before the railway arrived, horse-drawn wagons from Oxspring mills took flour, etc. to Salters Brook, where customers would bring their own wagons for Lancashire, Cheshire and Derbyshire. There was also a warehouse at Saltersbrook. Yorkshire was noted for its bacon and Cheshire for its cheese. The waggoners would mix them together in great brown jars and bake them in the Miller's Arms' oven and consume the mixture whilst sat around a large old oak table in the house. The mixture was said to be quite agreeable. The flags below the table were well worn by their feet. Old Edward Taylor was landlord at the time. The pub was also used to pay navvies working on the Woodhead railway tunnels. A bullock was roasted at Saltersbrook when the Woodhead tunnel was bored through in 1845. According to the 1881 Penistone Almanac, Shepherd's Meetings were held here 20th July and 5th November each year, unless the date fell on a Sunday, when it is held the next day. Annual meetings were also held on the 21st July at the Snake Inn, Woodlands. Looking at a 1902 photograph (Penistone History Soc.), the sign over the door had these words:
'Millers Arms - Mary Jane Taylor Armitage - Licenced Retailer of - British & Foreign Spirits - Ale Beer Porter & Tobacco.'
The City of Manchester Corporation water works purchased the Miller's Arms but let its licence lapse in 1916. It was finally demolished in 1920. Roger Waddington wrote on the Archive Group's Facebook:
'Little remains of one of the many Inns on the old toll road over Woodhead pass, but foundation stones and wall systems remain to this day at the side of the busy Sheffield to Manchester road (etc.),' with photos of the rubble and Lady cross.
Mick Walpole wrote on the 'Just Old Penistone Pictures' Facebook group, describing a picture of it: 'Millers Arms at Saltersbrook. To find Saltersbrook, proceed along the Manchester Road A628 through Thurlstone, Millhouse Green past Bullhouse and the Flouch crossroads. At the top of Bord Hill, past the Dog and Partridge Inn, the road levels out and goes over a small bridge, Ladyshaw Bridge, over a brook. The current bridge dates back to 1730-40 and would have once been wood. Saltersbrook House is now ruined but stood by the trail here. This Inn was opened in 1795 to close in 1852. A welcome break for refreshments for travellers and Drovers.'
See 19th Century timeline, Langsett Parish Council, 1993 SDHC Newsletter and see the Plough and Harrow, below.
Old Birch
Tree Inn
Not known Penistone Disappeared by 1822.
Old Crown Current Penistone It has been said that clay from a field on Penistone Green was used to make bricks for the Old Crown and the building which preceded it. Penistone Green later became the site of Joseph Hawley and Sons' wood mill, now a tightly-packed plot of new houses. One previous keeper can be found in Penistone churchyard, Joseph Bedford, who died on 31st January 1845, aged 63 years (also his wife Dorothy who died 1840). His successor did not fare well. William Bedford was landlord in 1864 but fell on bad times. He had to hold a sale-by-auction 'To Innkeepers and others' of furniture and pub fittings, presumably in an effort to keep afloat. A year later, he had become a grocer's assistant and adjudged bankrupt. With the abolition of tolls on Penistone's turnpike roads, an auction of toll-gates, houses, etc. on the Huddersfield - Penistone turnpike roads was held May 1870 in the Old Crown (described as 'the house of Mr Holmes'), on consequence of the trust expiring in June 1872. Mrs Wainwright was landlady in 1872 (West Riding Directory 1837). In the 1960s, it was run by Albert and Rita Tucker, up to perhaps 1973. A photo (Archive Group) shows a fire engine outside the building in the 1950s or 1960s. Pete Walton says: 'it used to be Hammonds ales from Huddersfield. When the brewery sold it off, Billy Marsden bought it and of course, he being a Sheffield bloke, he got Stones in.' Lesley Jones said: 'I remember when the 'N' fell off and the sign read the 'OLD CROW' - the landlady was not impressed, ha ha.' A back room was used for disco nights during the noughties. In recent times the Old Crown changed hands several times.
Old Tavern Dwelling Denby The Old Tavern, 134 Denby Lane, was formerly the New Inn (1818 to 1963), it occupies a prominent position in the centre of the village facing the road, on the corner of Denby Lane and Bank Lane. See Upper Denby Conservation Area (No 49).
New Inn Farm Near Westhorpe Closed between 1830 and 1840, this is now a farm out-building. It is not obvious where Westhorpe is but presumably on the outskirts of Oxspring.
Plough and

Fiddler's Green
Ruins At
Fiddler's Green
Squire Leycester built this public house in 1817 on the new turnpike road at Salter's Brook (near the Lady Cross) which had improved the earlier salter's way. The Plough soon acquired the name of Fiddler's Green as per the story below. The name also appeared in 19th-century maritime folklore which might have been known about at the time, regarding an Afterlife Fiddler who never stopped playing. A shepherd's hut had stood at the top of the hill in earlier days, 'Where the new road strikes off from the old one' (source unknown). Pack horse wagons laden with flour would change horses at Fiddler's Green, which had a turnpike. A sign board had this inscription:
'The Sign of the Plough, Likewise the Harrow,   -   Pay to-day and trust to-morrow.'
The name of 'Fiddler's Green' was originally conceived in sarcasm by the owners of the nearby Miller's Arms, when the Plough and Harrow opened as unwelcome competition. A blind fiddler from Woodhead had lost his way home from an engagement. He wandered a long time on the bleak moors before being found frozen and famished at the side of a peaty pool, many miles from his Woodhead home. He was taken to a Ronksley farm, where restoratives were administered. His first words upon regaining consciousness were "Where's my fiddle?" After three months, the fiddle was found in a seemingly impossible place on the moors, giving some clue to the aimless route of his wandering. Very naturally, the fiddler's services were called upon when the new pub opened, no doubt as a gesture of sorts to the Miller's Arms nearby. The Fiddler's Green name stuck. William Bagshaw was the first landlord until he died in 1849 (1822 directory). Ronald Bower of Woodhead took over with Matthew Hinchliffe ('Mat o' Nack's'), John Clarke and others as sub-tenants. Matthew became notable for shooting the legs of a navvy who was seen in the early hours of one morning carrying a fat goose over his shoulder. The navvy's bloody footsteps led to the entrance of the Woodhead Tunnel, which was under construction. Victualler of the Station Inn at Hazlehead, John Clarke was the last man to sell ale at Fiddler's Green. According to Langsett Parish Council, it closed in 1851 but another account gives the pub closing around 1860. All that remains of both pubs is rubble and the Lady Cross is little more than a stump on a substantial stone base. See this SDHS pdf. See also the Miller's Arms, above.
Prince of Wales Demolished
now houses
Crow Edge 'Dennis Tetley first did it up and changed the name' (From Facebook) to become the 'Pratty Flowers.' Another facebook entry says: 'Paul Stanley had it for a while in the 90s.' Pratty Flowers is the title of a local song, also known as the Holmfirth Anthem. It was renamed again as 'The Pennine Inn' but was kept in a fairly traditional pub style with a pool table and possibly a dartboard. It was very popular as a foodie pub and had a large car park behind. There is a story about a Turkish fellow taking it on but I can't afford any lawsuit which might follow. It closed some time in the 1990s and now has houses on the site.
Prince of Wales
now a
barber shop
Formerly No. 60, re-numbered as
90 High St,
This belonged to Rawsons Brewery (from Sheffield) and/or Gilmore's (another Sheffield brewery). At one time it was kept by Joseph Brown. It was bought in 1873 by Lancelot Gibson Burdett who changed its use from public house to an off-licence and family business selling food. Around 1895, Lance's wife Catherine Burdett took over the off-licence (Lance was a carpenter). Although ownership stayed with Catherine, management of the shop passed down to her son Herbert Burdett around 1905. At some point in time, Joseph Brown and family rented the Prince of Wales as an off-licence but that business failed. In 1918 Alice Burdett, Herbert's daughter (Catherine's grand daughter) married Robert Hodgson Wiseman. Robert Burdett was born the same year as the marriage. In 1922 Robert Hodgson Wiseman (Robert and Sheila's father) took over the shop and turned it into Wiseman's Off-licence and grocers. The grocery shop was Wiseman's for many decades and still traded under that name while no longer being connected with the Wiseman family. It became a Turkish barber shop around 2019. Many thanks to Mr Robert Wiseman for supplying details.
Queen Hotel Children's
Spring Vale The large building on the corner of the lane leading down to Penistone Cricket Club. This old pub was named after Queen Victoria and built in 1862 by Joseph Clarke. This and the Britannia were both built to accommodate an influx of people with the arrival of Mr Cammell's steelworks and the new Spring Vale houses built for the workers. Harry Thorpe was landlord around 1915. According to June Harrison on Facebook (Archive Group), the Crompton family had the Queen back in the 60s. It was converted into a dwelling in 1974, following a football pools win by a local resident. Here's a question. Why was Spring Vale like an old penny? Answer; because it had the Queen on one side and Britannia on the other. They were both built following an increase in population following the opening of the railway in 1865 and the steelworks in 1863. In the new century The Queen became 'Little Freddies', a children's nursery.
Quiet Shepherd Farm Crowden A moorland beerhouse, along with the George and Dragon at Crowden. Mentioned in 'Times Remembered' (1990), a booklet from the History Group.
Rag & Louse Fountains Inn Ingbirchworth Often still referred to by its familiar old name of 'The Rag.' It's history is a mystery. The Yorkshire Directory of 1822 mentions John Mellor having the Rose & Crown but no other public house in Ingbirchworth. Given its proximity to Ingbirchworth Reservoir constructed between 1862 and 1868, it is possible that the Rag was built around that time, although that is speculation. There were only 82 inhabited houses in 1891 and 72 in 1901 but that might have been enough to sustain this second public house along with passing trade from the main road. It was listed as being leased by the Brook and Co. brewery (Cubley Bottom) in March 1907. We can be sure that Arnold and Joyce (surnames not given) kept the pub in the 1970s. Also Chris and Judy Ashton. From the Fountain's Facebook comments (new ownership in 2021), Alison Wood says: 'It was originally called the Rag and Louse, and was a staging post on the road to Thurlstone. There was an old pub sign with this name on when I worked for Arnold and Joyce in the 70s.' Charlotte Senior says: 'It used to be called the Rag & Louse and have a stage coach outside it. I don’t remember it as The Rag and Louse but being an ex-member of staff, regular customers used to come in and tell us about it.' Nicola Ward says: 'My nan worked for Arnold and Joyce, mum worked for Chris and Judy Ashton and me and my sister had Saturday jobs there.' It closed in 2017 with the danger of demolition hanging over it. Planning permission had been applied for to demolish the building to make way for thirteen houses to add to the existing executive houses nearby. But that permission (2020/0474) was refused with this remark: 'The proposed development will lead to the loss of a community asset for which insufficient justification has been provided.' In 2021, new owners were found and after extensive reworking to re-open in October 2021 as 'The Fountain' as a community pub-restaurant. The Fountain, 33 Welthorne Lane, Ingbirchworth, Penistone, Sheffield, S36 7GJ.
Railway Inn Dwelling Hazlehead Now a dwelling. Might have been called the Station Inn - see the note above on the Plough and Arrow, Fiddler's Green
Railway Tavern
Dwelling 1 Stottercliff Rd., Penistone Kept successively by Benjamin Armitage, C Shore and Joe Wainwright. It closed in 1864.
Rock Inn Dwelling Thurlstone Large building at the bottom of Rockside. From the list of 27 Brook & Co. pubs, the Rock Inn was owned by the brewery in 1885, de-licenced in 1911. It became a private cottage in 1914 and was sold in 1920. Accounts from Brook & Co., Cubley Brook Brewery to Mr John Turner's in 1891 listed 26 gallons at 10d, costing £1/1/8d. Today's equivalent would be about two pints to the penny. Scotch whisky was 18/- (90p) a gallon (supplied from James Fox & Son, Barnsley) and Cognac brandy was £1/10s (£1.50) a gallon. Cigars were 9/6d (just over 47p) a hundred. A long row of windows at the top of the building suggests that it was converted from/to a weaver's cottage at some time, as with many other places in Thurlstone. A note in the Archive Group (Facebook) from Debbie Collyer says: 'The Rock Inn was run by my Turner ancestors at some point. They were stone masons and had a quarry behind the alehouse.'
Rose & Crown,
Current H'Swaine Converted from a barn into a public house in 1804, around the same time that the Blacksmith's Arms closed higher up the road. This has kept many of its original features, such as exposed beams on ceilings, open fires and four small rooms, against the trend in recent decades towards 'open plan'.
Rose & Crown Inn Dwelling Sheephouse Hill,
The Rose and Crown public house on the junction of the A616 and Mortimer Road was built by William Payne (1760-1831) when he was Lord of the Manor of Langsett. It flourished in the coaching era and serviced the needs of the Penistone to Hope coach (via Hollins Lane). It closed as a half-way house on 29th May in 1876, the building has since been converted into private dwellings. See a very good photo of it on the Stocksbridge History site ('Outlying areas').
Rose & Crown,
Replaced by
new houses
Ingbirchworth This was situated on the sharp-ish right-hand bend upon entering Ingbirchworth. The History, Directory & Gazeteer of Yorkshire 1822 mentions John Mellor as having the pub. The New Yorkshire Gazetteer of 1828 describes Ingbirchworth, W. R. as 'A township in the parish of Penistone, wapentake of Staincross, 2½ miles N.W. from Penistone; inhabitants, 367. The construction date of a later, brick-built R&C on the same site is not known. Its appearance was low and whitewashed but it had a good car park. It must have been of a weak construction as disaster struck in 2006 when an inexperienced driver (aka 'boy racer') driving a fast car managed to crash into the building, bringing down a brick wall. It did look flimsy. It is hard to imagine how that occurred, being on the inside of the bend with no other vehicle participating but some drivers seem to have a special knack for that sort of thing. An aplication to demolish the building was made in May 2006 and it was removed to make way for a row of houses with their access road right on the bend.

Old Rose & Crown (to 1869),

'New' Rose & Crown,Rebuilt
next to old one in 1869

Old R&C

'New' R&C
Closed and
converted to
offices 2011

Sign - not clickableThe earlier Rose and Crown had been a coaching inn with a yard and stables for the weekly Halifax to London coach. The old building would have straddled the current junction of Market Street with Shrewsbury Road. The R&C sign was a rose, half red - half white, surmounted by a crown, which became the emblem of the Tudors dating from the end of the War of the Roses (1485), when the victorious Duke of Lancaster (Red Rose) married Elizabeth of York (White Rose). Some of its old keepers' names are known, such as the Dagleys and 'Old Rumbo' who later took over the Horns Tavern. The 1871 census has Joe Byrom as head of the household but see the Rose and Crown history page for more about its keepers. The Rose and Crown closed as a public house in 2011 and was converted into 'Pennine Law' solicitors' offices (which followed on from Dransfield's). According to 'Times Remembered' (1990), a publication by Penistone LHG, three Rose and Crowns had been built in total over the years at or near the same site. See Penistone Archive's R & C 1749 to 1868 page.
Royal House Never
Sheffield Rd.,
Spring Vale
Michael Horn submitted a cutting to Penistone Archive (Facebook), from a 1965 Barnsley Chronicle. It started: 'How many Penistonians know where the Royal House is?' and explained that Asa Silverwood had it built on Sheffield Road, opposite the end of Green Road. It was never granted a licence. Until recently, it was James Hinchliffe's Butcher shop (next to Spring Vale's new junior school). The shop was demolished in 2015 and replaced by new houses. From the article, a large upstairs room had been used for a time by Spring Vale Methodists. Dr Wilson used a downstairs room for his surgery. Mr Horne says that the book, 'Bygones of Penistone', is the origin of the story. On the Facebook page, Mr Robert Gleed made the following remark: 'It was Bunny Hinchliff's butchers and slaughter house. I can remember it from the early 60's till the late 90's being a butchers, you can remember Bunny making his meat deliveries in his old grey van, pottering around at 2 mph. A proper old character from Penistone.'
Salter's Brook
Gone   This was on the Saltway pack-horse route 7½ miles SW of Penistone. It was near the Lady Cross on the Yorkshire side of Saltersbrook Bridge, on the original turnpike road to Sheffield. Some ruins can still be seen. It later became the Miller's Arms. The Shepherd's Society formed here in 1807. See the Miller's Arms above and Langsett Parish Council.
Shining Mule   Cubley This is referred to in 'Bygones of Penistone' (9/1/65) by JW Penistone as having been de-licenced, presumably in the early part of the last century. It was somewhere near Cubley hall but on the Joan Royd side of Cubley.
Sportsman's Arms Dental Surgery 13 Market St. This was kept by James Mitchell, from 1853 to 1860. Shops were built nearby in 1852. Penistone's streets were not named and numbered until 1881. On a plan dated 1749, High Street had been 'Town Street' but it was generally called 'The Street' or 'Penistone Street'. The current 'Penistone Dental Care' is listed as 11 - 15 High Street, but the numbers have changed over the years and it is unlikely that The Sportsman's Arms was there.
Smithy Arms Current Oxspring Opened in December 2017, a new micro-brewery and small public house with beer garden, bottom of Bower Hill near the Waggon and Horses, Oxspring. Owner is David Cross. Open from 6pm, evenings Wednesday to Saturday. Facebook only.
Spread Eagle Still going Penistone Marmaduke Clark was listed in an 1822 Penistone directory as victualler. It was also in the 1837 West Riding Directory. Mrs Margaret Marsh's archive refers to WH Fieldsend in 1862, who was also a tailor. It was renovated in the 2000s and re-opened as a food pub. It closed and was renovated and re-opened again in 2016, after its future again having looked to be uncertain. The Spread Eagle sign comes from the heraldic depiction of an eagle 'displayed'. It was probably derived from the arms of Germany, indicating that German wines were available.
Stanhope Arms Private dwelling Dunford Bridge An advertisement in the 1878 Penistone Almanack has Mr TJ Woofinden as proprietor, along with a rather fanciful drawing of a church with steeple and a wooden bridge over the river. The ad went thus: 'Stanhope Arms Hotel. This hotel is under entirely new management and offers good accommodation for visitors. Close to the moors, surrounded by pleasant scenery. No effort spared to ensure the comfort and enjoyment of visitors. Large and small parties catered for. One minute from station. TJ Woofinden, proprietor.' Two things here, the Dunford Bridge railway station was open and Winscar reservoir had not yet been built. In modern times, the Stanhope Arms had been a very popular food pub for many years and was noted for its food, particularly its Sunday dinners. In the time of Edric and Ann Foster, they had a regular guest organist on Saturday evenings and other themed events. They had also held gala days and bed pushes. Some people might remember lock-ins with all curtains drawn, but one might not like to admit anything. With the demise of the railway and with the line becoming the Trans-Pennine Trail, the Stanhope became a very handy refreshment stop for cyclists, walkers and horse riders until it closed. Perhaps its remoteness and some bad winters had sealed its fate.
Swinden Walls Demolished Between
Penistone and
This was mentioned in Captain Adam Eyre's diaries, between 1646 and 1649. From Langsett Parish Council, this was a farm and roadside inn halfway between Penistone and Woodhead. The farmhouse has gone but a barn remains. This might have been a convenient watering-hole for Cpt. Eyre, who lived at Hazlehead.
Three Travellers ? Side of Pen churchyard Kept by Joseph Shaw, east of Cockpit Lane, Church Street. This was probably a very long time ago and it had disappeared by 1822, according to Mrs Margaret Marsh's archive. There was a report somewhere that, upon rebuilding Penistone Grammar School on an adjacent site to its original (Kirk Flatts near Penistone Church), there had been evidence of an even earlier public house on the site.
Travellers Fox House Near Carlecotes According to anecdote, 'The Fox House' was a nickname for the Travellers but the name stuck.. It is now well-established as an eating place or 'gastropub'.
Waggon & Horses Current Oxspring Still going strong after an unknown but long period. A loft conversion created The Rafters function room in recent times.
Waggon & Horses

Billie Green's
Current Langsett William Payne built the Inn at Langsett in 1809. It apparently replaced another inn that was demolished to make way for the new turnpike road. A J Sanderson was victualler on an 1822. Long known as Billie Green's (although his wife Helen was the mainstay), and long familiar with Irish navvies, ramblers, and steel company executives, another (misplaced, sorry) source has this old inn dating from 1870, which might have been a replacement for Mr Paine's. It was Billie's mother who ran it in the early days, when it was known as Ma Green's. She was the second wife of George Green and she died in 1908, aged 67. Her son Billie Green died 5th June 1958. Billie's wife, Helen, died in 1995, having served her last meal at the Waggon in 1960. Helen had been a magistrate, WRCC councillor and a governor of both Sheffield's Granville College and PGS. (Details from 1997 Barnsley Chronicle article). According to the Barnsley CAMRA magazine (Autumn 2021), this pub has been in the same hands since 1974. Thurlstone list. See Langsett Parish Council.
Waggon & Horses Location
not Known
Thurlstone One suggestion was that it might have been the same as The Rock, Rock Side, Thurlstone, referred to above. A gravestone in Penistone churchyard refers to 'John Charlesworth, Inn-keeper to the Waggon and Horses, Thurlston.' John died on 7th July 1813 aged 61. He must have been quite unwell. 'Afflictions sore long time he bore, Physicians were in vain, Till God above in his great love Released him from his pain.' On the same stone, his daughter Mary died 6th April 1795, aged only 21 years. Hers is a sad tale: 'A Martyr to Love and of a broken heart, She sought an early grave, Wounded by Treachery, Death's keenest Dart, Thus sunk the virtuous and brave.'
Wentworth Arms Closed
Penistone This was a traditional pub with traditional atmosphere and its heraldic name was from the Earl of Wharncliffe. It was a coaching inn before the days of the railway and there is wear and tear evidence of horse-drawn coach traffic on the left-side stone in the archway, now fenced off due to its conversion into flats. The Brook and Co. brewery leased it in December 1899. For an unspecified time, Mr John Brownhill kept the Wentworth, while his son Richard (Dick) kept the Queens Hotel, just down the road. Two other sons had pubs in Wakefield. After Mr Brownhill died, the Wentworth was kept by his married daughter fanny and her husband Mr Richard Jones. During the 1960s until around 1970, it was run by Richard and Rose Masheder, who kept a bulldog. The Wentworth was a hotel at that time and a few chickens around the back produced fresh eggs for the guests' breakfasts. It closed in the summer of 2013 and the building was converted into apartments by John of Cubley Hall. See my Wentworth Arms page (which needs to be brought up to date).
White Bear Clark's
Penistone Opened in 1861 as a beerhouse. Now part of Clark's Chemist. Benjamin White was landlord and was still there for the 1871 census with his wife Sarah and son Fred Rowley. Also a servant Lucy Holmes. Its entrance was in the ginnel between Clark's and the current Cinnamon Spice Indian foodery. It had a fair run until it closed on Boxing Day in 1925. It then became the Penistone British Legion.
White Hart 'New Tavern Inn'

'White Heart'

now the
'New Inn'
by Penistone Bridge This is the oldest public house in the area, originally built in 1377. It had a connection with the grammar school, as a 1604 charity commission enquiry records that the croft of John Leadbeater of the White Hart paid 3d per annum to the schoolmaster. Mary Jackson was listed in an 1822 Penistone directory as victualler. It continued in a spit-and-sawdust style until the 1990s. After a short and unlamented period as 'The New Tavern' around 1991 (a widely-condemned move), the late and colourful Frank 'Sam' Thacker took it over, renovated it and reverted it to its ancient name. Sam also converted outhouses into flats in the hope of attracting Bed and Breakfast trade for local businesses but it did not catch on. After selling up, he continued to live in one of the flats until he died. In the modern age, it was again refurbished in a bright, modern style and renamed the White Heart. As of November 2019, it closed down and went into administration, leaving wedding and other bookings unfulfilled. During 2020 and 2021, a substantial amount of building work took place ready for a come-back, but with a name-change to 'New Inn.' The name of 'White Hart' is common in the UK. Its heraldic symbol is of Richard II who came to the throne in 1377 at nine years old. Often, a white hart (male deer or stag) is portrayed with a golden chain or collar around its neck from a legend reported by Aristotle that Diomedes consecrated a white hart to Diana and placed a gold collar around its neck. For a some aerial views, see the White Hart page.
Former coaching house Wortley Arms Wortley Hamlet From their website: 'The Wortley Arms was originally built as a coach house in 1753 at a cost of 188 pounds and 66 shillings' See Wortley Arms.
Old Name Now Location Notes

Beerhouse Act of 1830
The 'Beerhouse Act' passed in Parliament in 1830 allowed licenced 'Beer Houses' to proliferate without the need for magistrates to endorse applications. The existing 'Ale Houses' could sell other liquors as well. The Act regulated the trade which had begun to thrive as easier travel on turnpike roads and later railways led to a greater need for Inns and public houses.

Local Breweries
Strettons BreweryFor many years Penistone's beer had been supplied from a brewery at Cubley Bottom. You will find it in old Penistone Almanacks as Brook & Co. and, from the Brewery History site, we can see a list of the public houses supplied by them, complete with dates. The old brewery started as a beer brewery and maltings before it concentrated solely on producing vinegar from around 1923. See the Penistone Pure Malt Vinegar Co. page for more about the Brook & Co. brewery.

Another local brewer has also come to light. This appears to be the same location as the Homely House public house listed above. Strettons Brewery was on Robin Row, on the main Manchester Road at Millhouse Green. Googling 'Strettons Brewery Co.' comes up with a brewery of that name in Derby, around 1902 - 1903.

Its local location can be found in the picture here on the right. My thanks go to Stuart Gibbins for supplying the information and picture. The red area is where Strettons Brewery Co. is indicated on plans. The old petrol station is on the junction with Royd Moor Lane, which leads up to the viewing platform and Royd Moor wind farm.

The Commercial
We all know it as The Huntsman in Thurlstone but up to perhaps the 1980s it was called The Commercial. This series of pictures were kindly loaned by Lynn Dean, nee Harley, whose Father was Frank Harley. Her parents ran The Commercial from 1967 to 1975 and a Mr Lavender had kept it for 39 years before them. You can see from the first picture that the pub had a traditional bar in those days, with panelling right up to the ceiling. That style is very rare now and the only example I know of is at The Albert in Huddersfield.

The Commercial - Mr WoodcockThe Commercial - Donnie ButcherThe Commercial - Harvest Festival
The Commercial
The CommercialThe Commercial

These pictures are from the early 1970s. From top-left, the landlord and landlady (the Harleys) behind the bar and Mr Woodcock, who had the hardware shop on Penistone High Street, now the Britannia BS. Next we have another well-known face; Donny 'Zonny' Butcher and what appears to be a vicar sitting down. The third picture is of the harvest festival. On the next row is a group of dignified gentlemen whose names will be added as best as I can discover them, two fine topers and the last picture is a group of people in fancy dress from the vinegar works in Cubley Bottom.

The Bridge Inn
The pictures below were kindly provided by Mr David Wilkinson, whose parents John and Joan Wilkinson looked after this old public house until the early 1960s. They are shown in the colour picture, which dates from November 1961, with their business card next picture. The third picture shows a Harvest Festival in September 1960 and the next two pictures on the second row are close-ups from that picture.

September 1960Business CardHarvest Festival 1961
Frank AshtonBreadWhite Hart 1962

The taller fellow standing is Frank Ashton, who was well known as a local councillor. Some of the others shown (particularly on the left) were visitors from Dronfield, connected with the Wilkinson family. The fifth picture shows the plaited design which was famous on loaves made in the bakery on Shrewsbury Road, later to become Best's Bakery. My thanks go to David for these pictures.

The last picture also appears on the White Hart history views page, as an aerial view of the Penistone Bridge area in 1962. The White Hart is the white-washed building with the red garage door. The Bridge Inn is to its right and closer to the road. At that time there was a bicycle shop on the side nearest to the zebra crossing.

The information on this page derives from many sources but these in particular had been the most useful.

Some background to English public houses and their names:

  1. History of Public House Names
  2. History of Public House Names
  3. History of Public House Names
  4. History of Public House Names
  5. History of Public House Names (wiki)
  6. History of Public Houses
  7. Please see the Public Houses page in the tour section for a more modern look.

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