Timeline of History in the Penistone Area


Penistone

1900 - 2000
Year Date Event
Quick Links: Intro - 1000 - 1600 - 1700 - 1800 - 1900 - 2000 - Refs - Generate English calendar for year: Time & Date
1900   Wharnecliffe Lodge No. 1162 Freemasons, held at the Rose and Crown Hotel Penistone. List of officers published in 1900, Ref 23: Officers: Bro. WJ Askwith, WM; Bro. F Dunstan, IPM; Bro. JA Gandy, SW; Bro. JH Morton, JW; Bro. HS Jessop, Secretary; Bro. WT Beanland, PM, PPG, Std B, Treasurer; Bro. E Billington, PM, PPGP, DC; Bro. A Jubb, SD; Bro. A Whitham, JD; Bro. ER Taylor, LG; Bros. S Wheatley and GH Butler, Stewards.
  Penistone Agricultural and Horticultural Society. List published in 1900, Ref 23:
President, HS Tomasson, Esq.; Vice-Presidents: Samuel Cooper, Esq.; John Ness Dransfield, Esq.; HH Alport, Esq.; J Chapman, Esq.; John Hinchliffe, Esq., JP; James Durrans, Esq. Hon. Auditors, Messrs J Moorcroft and RA Goddard. Hon. Treasurer, TW Stones, Esq. Secretary, Mr JH Wood.
  Police Station, Bridge Street - Names listed for Penistone, Thurlstone, Hoylandswaine, Langsett and Carlecotes. Superintendent, J Kane, Barnsley; Local Officer, Inspector Pearson and six other officers. Ref 23
  The Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffalos (RAOB) - Meeting every Tuesday, 6pm at the Spread Eagle Hotel. Primos: Messrs. W Harrison, L Broadhead and W Thomas. Secretary, Mr Lot Broadhead. Treasurer, Mr John Moorcroft. Ref 23
  Penistone Hunt - Master and Hon. Huntsman, John Chapman Esq., Carlecotes Hall; Treasurer, Mr TW Stones; Secretary, Mr J Moorcroft; Sub-Committee: Messrs. Jas. Durrans, G Hoyland, H Hanwell and F Bailey. Ref 23
  Inland Revenue Office, 23 Unwin Street. Mr Dobson is resident officer. 'Licences issued at the Post office'. Ref 23
  1900 and 1901 interior of Denby church nave almost entirely rebuilt. Gallery removed, stone pillars and arches raised to divide the centre aisle from the north and south portions. A barrel roof put over the central aisle with new chancel and crossed rafter roof. This made the church into a copy of one that the Vicar had seen in north Italy.
  Building Society. Monthly subscription meetings in the National Schoolroom (now used by 'Busy Bees'), Church Street, on the first Saturday in each month, 7pm to 8.30pm. List published in 1900, Ref 23: President, Rev. Canon Turnbull; Secretary, Mr Herbert Jordan; Solicitors, Messrs. Dransfield and Hodgkinson; Bankers, Sheffield Union Bank.
1901   Telephones. By this year, Penistone's telephone system had only six subscribers listed by the National Telephone Company. These were: W Gittus Coach Works, Spring Vale (No. 2), Hepworth Iron Co., Hazlehead (No. 1), Penistone Electrical Co., Eagle Works (No. 8), Dr James Ross (No. 5) and Dr ACJ Wilson, Willow House, Ward Street (No. 4). In the same year, the Eagle Works and Don Villa were both up for sale, situated near Penistone Bridge (see Chapel Books). Penistone had been on the telephone system from the 1880s because of its location midway between Sheffield and Huddersfield. It was also a central connection point between Sheffield, Manchester and Barnsley. Details from the 1994 Almanack Telephone Supplement.
  Methodist Chapel opened in Penistone. Ref 8.
  A Drought hits the region. An old packhorse bridge at Ingbirchworth Reservoir drew some interest as it became visible with the low water level. 'Summerford Bridge' had been part of a highway which was diverted when the reservoir was built between 1862 and 1868. The bridge re-appeared in 1995 under similar conditions of low water and made it to the Barnsley Chronicle, in an article by Carolyn Thorpe.
  Denby Cricket Club founded around this time, although not confirmed. It was certainly fulfilling some fixtures in this year on Falledge Lane, under the name of Denby United. The club moved to Denby Lane around 1920, where it remained until going 'into hibernation' in 1958. It was minuted as having been disbanded in 1958 but re-formed in 1960 and continues to play in the present day (as of 2014). See DCC for links to several sources of the club's history.
16th June Newly restored Denby Church opened and re-consecrated.
  Population of the Penistone Parish - 11,160. Penistone 3,073 and Thurlstone 2,992. In this year, there were 1,953 inhabited houses within the Rural District (1,342) and Urban District (611) areas. The population a decade earlier was: Penistone 2,553 and Thurlstone 2,735. This suggests that Penistone's population in that decade grew at the expense of Thurlstone.
The population of England and Wales was counted as 32,527,843 (given as 41 million here), up by about 3½ million in the previous decade. In 1801 the population of England and Wales had been over 9 million. This was a huge increase over the last century, despite the fact that many people emigrated to North America and Australia to escape poverty. About 15 million people left Britain between 1815 and 1914. In the 1840s, Irish immigrants came in large numbers to flee the potato famine and find work and Russian Jews came in the 1880s (mostly to London) to escape persecution by the Tsar. Details from: Ref 11, Ref 16 and A Vision of Britain.
  Staff at Penistone Workhouse were: Master - George Broadbent, Matron - Mrs Ann Broadbent, Medical Officer - Benjamin Chaston Gowing and School Mistress - Miss Annie Vaughan. Ref 27. Penistone Workhouse.
12th Dec Heavy snowstorm in Penistone, four foot deep. Ref 26.
1902 6th Mar. Eleven cases of smallpox notified in Penistone and Thurlstone. Ref 13.
  A kitchen and church parlour was added on to Netherfield Chapel. For a time in the 1960s, part of the building was used by Penistone Grammar School as a drama classroom. It was closed in 1981 and its congregation merged with that of St Paul's and incorporated into St Andrew's. The building was then converted into a dwelling house. Part of its churchyard was cleared and paved at the same time. Ref 17 p39.
29th Sept. Penistone Library. Public meeting in the Girls' National School to consider if Mr Andrew Carnegie's kind offer of £1,000 for a Public Free Library in Penistone should be accepted. The following resolution was unanimously accepted: "We, the inhabitants of Penistone, in public meeting assembled, thank Mr Carnegie for his generous offer, and pledge ourselves to use our utmost efforts to raise the necessary £500 in order to take advantage of such offer."
It was proposed by Dr ACJ Wilson JP CC and seconded by Mr GAB Lockley. Ref 13 p.109. See 1913, next item and the Town Hall and Library History Page. NB. Penistone LHG erroneously ascribes this event to 1904.
24th Oct. Poll taken to decide if the Public Free Libraries Act 1892 should be adopted. For the adoption: 192 against 88. Majority 104. Ref 13 p.109 and Ref 26. See the Town Hall and Library History Page.
1903   Charles Cammel takes over the Birkenhead shipbuilding yards of Laird Brothers, to form Cammell, Laird and Co.
Feb. Cattle Fair held in Penistone. Ref 13.
6th Mar. Smallpox Outbreak. Eleven cases notified in Penistone and Thurlstone. The first was Mr James Knight of Attercliffe, in the lodging house at Bridge End, thought to have picked it up on an overnight stay in Barnsley while looking for work. After a few days, the spots had spread considerably when he sought admission to Penistone Workhouse. Two doctors quickly took steps to isolate the case. In total, there were about fourteen cases, one of them fatal. He was a man named Harrison who died at Penistone Workhouse, 9th March and buried the same day. Ref 13.
25th Jun Midhope Reservoir opened. Ref 26.
1904   The Bridge Inn, Thurgoland and five adjoining cottages for sale, tenanted by Joseph Hanson, James Thompson, William Thompson and Reuben Green. From Chapel Books.
  Penistone Church restoration. Two of the original eight pinnacles on the tower were removed to the church yard. See the Church History page.
1905   Thurlstone St Saviour's Church - Consecrated this year. It was built to the design of Hodgson Fowler of Durham and largely funded by the generosity of two local sisters, Mary and Hannah Bray, who died in 1895 and 1897. UK Grid Reference: SE 229 034. See Heritage Inspired.
19th Aug Isolation Hospital for Penistone opened. Ref 26.
1906   Penistone Sewerage Works opened. Ref 1.
March Penistone Hunt held its annual dinner in the Spread Eagle Hotel, with Mr James B Durrans as the Master of the Hunt. The hunt held 63 meets during the season, with 82 hares killed. Penistone Hunt was one of the oldest in the country, having started in 1206 in the time of Elias de Midhope.
  Penistone Church Football Club founded this year. According to their Wikipedia, 'Formed ... after the merger of Penistone Choirboys and Penistone Juniors, Penistone Church initially played in the Sheffield Amateur League and Penistone League.'
31st Aug A Phenomenally hot day, 42 °C (108 °F) in the sun and 36 °C (97 °F) in shade. Ref 26.
3rd Nov Methodist New Connexion Chapel Opened in Green Moor, at a Divine Service, 3.45pm, Saturday 3rd November 1906, conducted by the President of the Conference, Rev J Foster. Doors opened at 3.30pm by Mr W Batty. Tea at 5pm, Adults 9d, Children under 12, 6d. A public meeting followed at 6.30pm with Mr FJ Bramwell as Chairman. Speakers and supporters were: Revs The President D Bailey, T Dearlove, J Young, J Thomas, HJ Barker and Messrs JT Robert, J Ward, RN Jeffries, J Wood, J Laycock, JA Booker and L Banner. Divine Service would be held on the following Sundays at 2.30pm and 6.30pm: 4th November, Rev John Young, Superintendent of the circuit; 11th November, Rev JS Clemens, BA, BD, Bachelor of Ranmoor College and President Delegate; 18th November, Rev H Faull, Barrow-in-Furness.
  Thurlstone St. Saviours Parish Church, built by Hodgson Fowler, completed after a £6,000 donation was received from a Miss Bray. Part of its west end was built in red brick.. Before it was built, services had been held at Town End school by the Vicar of Penistone. (Ref 3) The Penistone Guide of 1991 (Ref 16) gives the year as 1905. A new organ was opened 22nd December 1906. (Ref 26)
1907   Penistone and Thurlstone Golf Club course opened. It closed in 1913. The land is now covered by a reservoir.
  Royd Moor Golf Club founded. This was on a difficult nine-hole course at Royd Moor Farm, Thurlstone, with the farmhouse acting as Club-house. Mrs Mitchell provided refreshments. The first President was Mr John Hinchliffe, Secretary was Mr Joseph Appleyard Wainwright and Treasurer was Mr 'Tommy' Denison, Manager of the National Provincial Bank on Market Street, Penistone. After about two years, a substantial wooden Club-house was built with locker rooms for men and women, a room to assemble in and a veranda with 'a splendid view over Thurlstone'. They usually lost the away games and won the home games. The women's section did well. The Club' membership had many leading and highly-placed individuals. According to Mrs Marsh's notes (Ref. 29), the club folded in 1913.
  Teaching of girls introduced at Penistone Grammar School. See PGS Archive
1908 July Hade Edge Band formed by a Sunday School committee. This was to replace the Old Moss Band which disbanded a few years earlier. HH Band.
1909 27th Jan 'Banner of St George' (and miscellaneous second part). This was a Subscription Concert by Penistone and District Choral Society and was held in the Assembly Rooms, Penistone. The artistes were Miss Clara North (Soprano), Master Joe Green (Sheffield's premier boy soloist), Mr J H Parkes (well-known violinist of Sheffield) and the Society's Chorus. The Conductor was Mr Joseph Cooper and the accompanist was Miss Butcher.
29th Feb Penistone and District Bowling Club founded and opened by Mr James B Durrans. Ref 6, p15.
  Penistone Town Hall and Library. Sheffield Shrewsbury Hospital Trust offers a site in Shrewsbury Road for the Town Hall and Library to be built, on condition that the local council adopt it as a public road. (From Penistone History Group archives). See the Town Hall and Library History Page.
6th May Wentworth Arms bowling green opened. Ref 26.
8th May Wesleyan Reform Chapel School opened in Spring Vale at a cost of £3,800. It was a mixed-age school up until 1959, when it became a County Junior and Infant School. Ref 6 and see Spring Vale School History site.
14th Nov. Samuel Franklin Cody brings his aeroplane to Penistone, demonstrating his aerobatic skills to the delight of onlookers. (From a Cubley Hall poster).
1910 24th Nov. Livestock Market moved off the main street into a partially covered area (Backfields) by Penistone Urban District Council. The enclosed market was officially opened by Cllr G Knight. It cost £1,120 to construct and was constructed to meet the requirements of the 23rd June 1903 Order of Agriculture and Fisheries, which came into operation in 1904, in order for the market to continue in Penistone. Four and a half acres of land were purchased, but the whole was not utilised, the remainder serving the purpose of a recreation ground. From 1912 Almanack. See also 1951.
Penistone Urban District Council
.....................................
Opening of
New Cattle Market
.....................................
Notice is hereby given, that the Cattle Market recently constructed by Penistone Urban District Council will be formally opened for the Sale of Cattle, Sheep and Swine, on
Thursday, the 24th day of November, 1910,
at 11 o'clock a.m.,
At the Front Entrance from the Market Place, by
Thomas M. Lewis, Esq., J.P.
The Chairman of the Council,
When all Landowners, Farmers and Persons attending the Market are invited to attend.
Charles Hodgkinson, Clerk to the Council.
.....................................
Section 13 of Market and Fairs Act, 1847, is as follows:
After the Market Place is opened for public use every person other than a Licensed Hawker who shall Sell or expose for Sale in any place within the prescribed limits excepting his own Dwelling-place or Shop, any articles in respect of which Tolls are by the special Act authorised to be taken in the Market, shall for every such offence be liable to a penalty not exceeding Forty Shillings.

Penistone Nov 3rd 1910
.....................................
James H. Wood, Printer and Stationer, Penistone.
1911 28th Sept. Penistone Grammar School's new Wierfield building opened, known as the 'Fullford Building' or later 'A Block' (in the 1960s). Only 258 pupils in 1920. Ref 6. See PGS Archive
  The Population of England and Wales was counted as 36,070,492, up by about 3½ million in the previous decade. It had been 22,712,266 forty years earlier in 1871. (A Vision of Britain)
  Occupied Dwellings. In this year, there were 1,951 inhabited houses within the Rural District (1,213) and Urban District (738) areas. Compared to 1901, there had been a 129 reduction in the Rural District area and a 127 increase in the Urban District area, which suggests that RDC and UDC boundaries had been re-drawn in the preceding decade.
1912 15th June Centenary Celebration 1812 to 1912 of Green Moor United Methodist Church and Sunday School. The service commenced at 3.30pm, with a sermon by Rev Daniel Patterson of Brighouse. Tea followed at 4.30pm, Adults 9d, Children 6d. A Public Meeting and Old Scholars' Rally commenced at 6.30pm, with Mr G Wordsworth as Chairman. Speakers were Revs D Patterson, WH Lockley, J Thomas and AR Mellows.
11th July King George V and Queen Mary passed through Penistone town centre by motor on their tour of the West Riding. They stayed a weekend at Wentworth Woodhouse, the seat of the Earls Fitzwilliam. The King also paid a visit to a mine to see the working conditions for himself, without any special preparations. At around the same time, there was a mining accident resulting in many deaths. Ref 3 (and anecdotal).
  Staff at Penistone Workhouse were: Master - Samuel White, Matron - Mrs Florence White, Medical Officer - JA Ross. Details from Archive (Demolition of Netherfield).
  Plans for the Carnegie Free Library submitted by Mr HB Collins of Barnsley to Andrew Carnegie for approval. An additional scheme to add the Town Hall and other rooms were also discussed (with whom?). (From Penistone History Group archives). See the Town Hall and Library History Page.
1913 11th April Stone-laying for Thurlstone and Millhouse Green Methodist Church. Opening services were held eighteen months later in October 1914. Woollen cloth maker, Mr Hugh Skelton Tomasson of Plumpton, had sold land for the church to be built for £120 on 31st December 1912. The indenture was signed by trustees who included a schoolmaster, butcher, mine manager and newsagent. Their names can be found carved on stones in the building: Joe Willie Snape, Henry Gillpin, John Newton, George Marsden, Jonas Booth, Olivia Nicholson, Herbert Jackson, Thomas Charlesworth, Enya Lindley, George Stones, Frank Booth and Adolphus Charlesworth. The stone inscriptions were used to raise £180 for the church and a further £36 was raised by inscribing 70 names on bricks in the Sunday School room.
21st June Carnegie Free Library and Reading Room built on Shrewsbury Road, partly from public subscription and partly a £1,300 contribution from Mr Andrew Carnegie, the Scottish/American philanthropist. It was opened by the Earl of Wharncliffe, eleven years after it was first proposed. Ref 1, Ref 6 and see 1902 for the public meeting which led to it being built. Mr Andrew Carnegie was responsible for a great many libraries in the USA and Great Britain. He died 1919, in Massachusetts, USA. Construction of the Town Hall, Committee Rooms and Masonic Hall started this year. See the Town Hall and Library History Page.
1914 10th Oct. The first service was held in the new Thurlstone and Millhouse Green Methodist Church. Two silver gilt keys had been presented to Mr G Porter of Barnsley and Mr O Nicholson before the day.
31st Oct. Penistone Town Hall, Masonic Hall, Council Chamber and Meeting Room were completed adjacent to the Carnegie MasonicFree Library on Shrewsbury Road (see 1913). This was to be a great leap forward for our town, as the hall was intended as a new assembly room, theatre and cinema (now named 'The Paramount'). Public meetings had sometimes been held in the open before it was built.
The opening ceremony was performed by Alderman E Woodhead, JP, of Huddersfield. On rising to declare the hall open, he said that he hoped that the building would be a kind of 'Open sesame' to all that was good for the town. The ceiling of the Town Hall was glazed with beautiful stained glass and the Penistone/Clarel coat of arms adorned the stage area. The stained glass ceiling was later to be painted over with black paint. A Council Chamber was also part of the plans.
The Pengeston Lodge 6933 Masonic Hall was also opened, situated above the central offices with access through the first door above the Town Hall. It is interesting that the Pengeston Lodge used (and still uses) its variant of the Penistone/Clarel coat-of-Arms. See the Town Hall History Page for more detail and 1915 for cinema and dance use. (Ref 1, Ref 16 and Ref 22).
  Penistone Workhouse used for wounded soldiers during the Great War of 1914 - 1918. Ref 27.
  Viewlands built on Barnsley Road after the junction with Wellhouse Lane. This started as the row of eight houses. Ref 17 p68.
9th Dec First inquest held in Penistone Town Hall (now called The Paramount Theatre). Ref 26. See the Town Hall History Page.
10th Dec Fatality at Penistone Bridge. Mr Arthur Jagger of High Street, Penistone was killed this day by a crane in the bridge widening works at Bridge End.
27 Dec Attempted suicide from the viaduct. George Edward Wood threw himself off the end nearest the station, a drop of about 80 feet. He was removed to Netherfield workhouse infirmary and was semi-conscious for some days. His thigh was fractured and his head and face were terribly bruised.
1915 8th Feb New wartime Public House regulations came into force, requiring them to close at 9pm, instead of eleven.
16th Feb Neglect and death of a child. Luke Beever and his wife were parents of the dead child Gladys Beever. An inquest scheduled for 11th had to be cancelled when the parents absconded. It was reconvened when they were arrested in the Penistone District, where they had been hiding, on a Coroner's warrant. The Coroner severely reprimanded them for having absconded and the jury returned a verdict that the child had died from gross neglect and starvation. The parents were taken into custody.
  Penistone Bridge widened. Mr Mortimer's turnpike road of 1777 was specified as being between Grindleford in Derbyshire and Penistone Bridge, which crosses the River Don at Bridge End. There had been an earlier bridge on the site and possibly one before that as, according to English Heritage, Penistone Bridge was 'rebuilt in 1866'.
It was widened in 1915 at the expense of the West Riding County Council (WRCC).
'Tooled squared stone, ashlar coping. East side: two segmental arches, pilaster buttresses with triangular cutwater to centre only. Flat band at base of coped parapet. The later west side is similar but of rock-faced stone. A plaque on the parapet records the date of widening' - which reads thus:
W.R.C.C.
Penistone Bridge
Widened 1915
Penistone U.D. Thurlstone U.D.
In 1988, Penistone Bridge became 'Grade II Listed'.
  Holme village gained an electricity supply, generated from a water-driven turbine at Rake Dyke. This served the small community until 1934. See Holme Conservation Area (pdf).
22nd Aug. First Midhope Music Festival. Ref 6.
20th Nov Penistone Town Hall opened as a picture palace for the first time, in the very early days of cinema. the Town Hall was let to Mr Joseph O Jesson to be used as a cinema after Penistone Urban District Council licenced the Town Hall for 'Cinematographic entertainments' in August 1915, conditional on its availability for other local events. There were two film shows per week and ticket costs were between 3d and 9d. Dances were held on Saturdays. The original capacity before the balcony was added in the 1920s was 550. Of course, they were silent films in those days, as the 'talkies' would come along in the next decade. (Ref 1, Ref 16 and Ref 22). See the Town Hall History Page for more detail.
1916 2nd Feb. Collapse of Penistone Viaduct. The second and third arches collapsed along with a stationary freight locomotive at 4.15pm, when a bout of heavy rain had weakened the foundations. These were the arches nearest to the River Don. Only eight minutes earlier, a passenger train had passed over the viaduct from Huddersfield. An on-looker noticed a hollow forming in the track and shouted to Mr Lockwood (driver) and Mr Butler (fireman), who both jumped clear and survived the crash. Cracks in parapet had been observed some days earlier. The locomotive had to be broken up to remove it but it was recovered, repaired and continued in service for another 25 years. Ref 1, Ref 3, Ref 6. and details on a postcard reproduced in 'The River Don' by Mike Taylor.
  Mr W. Hallsworth was discharged from Gittis Wagon Building Company, Penistone, allegedly because of trade union activity. He was moved to Cammell-Lairds on 1st August, 'breaking shell', as a military service. His discharge certificate had the words "This man is wanted for the military." This was an interesting local intrigue as Mr W Thorne MP had suggested some collusion between Major Skinner, of Barnsley and the manager of the wagon works. See Hansard, 14th August 1916 and arguments on 15th August 1916.
2nd July Battle of the Somme. Local people died in this campaign, which would continue to November. Tanks were used for the first time in September, on our side.
14th Aug. Penistone Viaduct re-opened following its collapse and repair. Ref 6.
1918
to
1983
  Penistone MPs, 1918 to 1983 - Listed in Hansard. See also the MP page, which lists them in more detail.

Mr Sydney Arnold - 14th December 14 1918 - 15th February 1921,
Mr William Gillis - 5th March 1921 - 15th November 1922
Mr William Pringle - 15th November 1922 - 29th October 1924
Mr Rennie Smith - 29th October 1924 - 27th October 1931
Mr Clifford Glossop - 27th October 1931 - 14th November 1935
Mr Henry McGhee - 14th November 1935 - 6th February 1959
Mr John Mendelson - 11th June 1959 - 20th May 1978
Mr Allen McKay - 13th July 1978 - 9th June 1983
1919 Saturday
19th July
Peace Celebrations in Penistone and Thurlstone to mark the end of the Great War. A grand procession from Mr Hoyland's field by the Blacksmith's Arms, Millhouse Green, to Penistone. The band struck up at 1.30pm and the route was from Millhouse, Thurlstone, Bridge Street, down Church Hill, Spring Vale, Green Road, High Street to finish at Market Street, where photographs were taken. All were encouraged to decorate vehicles and bicycles. Order of Procession:
1. Inspector Williams and Police, 2. Boy Scouts, 3. Penistone Hunt, 4. Equarians, 5. Decorated wagons with Handbell Ringers and young children from Sunday Schools, 6. Members of Public Bodies, 7. Trade Conveyances, 8. Private Conveyances, 9. Thurlstone Prize Band, 10. Demobilised Sailors, Soldiers, HM Air Force and other servicemen on leave, 11. Sunday Schools with banners, 12. Friendly Societies with regalia and banners, 13. Railwaymen with banners, 14. Inhabitants on foot, 15. Cyclists, 16. Motor Cars (presumably at the end so as to not scare the horses at the front).
Children and old people (60+) were treated to free teas in the schools, while demobilised servicemen and widows of those lost in the War met in the Town Hall at 4.30pm, presumably for tea. Tickets for the over-sixties were issued from the Food Office, Penistone Town Hall. Celebrations continued from 6pm on 'the recreation ground' (location not specified), with games and Thurlstone Band accompanied by Crowedge Band. Games included greasy pole and pillow fight for boys and tug of war for girls. Ref 7
'Peace Day'
Sunday
20th July
Thanksgiving Service to mark the peace after the Great War. This was in Penistone Town Hall from 2.30pm. Conducted by Clergy and Ministers of the various Churches, with Thurlstone Prize Band and children from Sunday Schools. Surplus of collection (after paying for hymn sheets) went to St Dunstan's Hostel for Blinded Sailors and Soldiers. Teas were provided for servicemen, widows and people over 60 in Thurlstone and Millhouse schools, sports arranged and beacon fires were lit. The events of this rainy weekend were all in a great spirit of rejoicing, with Penistone Church bells ringing from early morning throughout the day to near midnight, with few breaks. Ref 7
  Underbank Reservoir built by Barnsley Corporation at Midhope. This led to the loss of the old pottery complex (see 1720), houses along Dike Side, stepping stones and Badw Hall which was a substantial house. All of these were on the OS map of 1854. Prior to the reservoir, public drinking water had been provided by a well at the pottery. See 1720 for the Pottery.
1920 14th Apr Election of the first Parochial Church Council at Penistone. Ref 26.
29th May Severe thunderstorm in Penistone, resulting in flooded roads. Ref 26.
16th Oct Penistone Branch of the Labour Party formed. Ref 26.
1921 13th Apr Resignation of Mr JW Fulford, MA, long serving Headmaster of Penistone Grammar School. Ref 26.
21st Aug War Memorial Tablet unveiled in Penistone Wesleyan Church. Ref 26.
4th Sept War Memorial Tablet unveiled at Hoylandswaine. Ref 26.
29th Oct Penistone Division of Coalition Liberal Association formed. Ref 26.
  The Hepworth Iron Co. at Crow Edge gains an important contract with the General Post Office (GPO) for the supply of clayware conduit for the protection of underground telephone cable. Thereafter the manufacture of conduit formed an increasing proportion of the company's business. The GPO oversaw the UK's telephony system (and mail) at the time, to become British Telecom (BT) in recent times as a private company.
1921-22   Cubley housing estate started to be constructed as a 'model village' using concrete made to resemble stone blocks, on land purchased in 1919. It was planned to accommodate workers at Cammell Laird steelworks. The design was by top architect, Herbert Baker, who had worked with Sir Edward Lutyens on New Delhi. Chairman of Cammells, Mr WL Hichens, said that they planned to erect about 500 houses on the estate, starting with a hundred. They hoped the village would be a model for the rest of the country but only part of the plan was built, mostly that on land transferred to Penistone Council in 1921. A note in Hansard for 30th March 1922 refers to a 'new road at Mortimer Road' (Hansard). See Gracesguide and the Penpic Cubley Hall page. Visit Cubley Hall to see the original street plan on the wall.
1922   Penistone and District Amateur Operatic Society formed, latterly renamed Penistone Centre Stage. The Society merged singers from Church and Chapel, its first presentation being 'The Dogs of Devon'. Story and date from a Barnsley Chronicle report, 12th July 2013 (not confirmed). It celebrated its 90th year (as Penistone Centre Stage) with a production of 'Annie' in March 2012.
  Work started on Scout Dyke Reservoir. Ref 1.
10th Dec Memorial Tablet unveiled at Netherfield Congregational Church, Huddersfield Road (now a private dwelling). Ref 26.
1923 7th Jan Fire at J Durrans and Sons blacking works, Thurlstone. Ref 26.
12th July A cinema on Stottercliffe Road was destroyed by fire. This was the former 'Assembly Rooms', which was originally built as a gas fittings showroom but was used as a public hall before the Town Hall/cinema opened on Shrewsbury Road in 1914. Ref 17 p28.
  Cubley Brook Brewery changes to brewing only malt vinegar around this year. See my PPMV Co page and also see 1848.
1st Dec Stocksbridge War Memorial unveiled.
1924 6th Feb Public Meeting to consider a report from Messrs Taylor and Sons, bell-founders of Loughborough, about the condition of Penistone Church's six bells. It was decided to have them re-cast and re-hung. Subsequently, it was resolved to add two smaller bells to complete the octave. A later decision was taken to replace the clock and an extra clock face was decided on still later. The bells and clock were removed mid-June. An appeal for funds was generously responded to and Mr GAB Lockley of Cubley Hall paid for Westminster chimes to be fitted. Messrs Taylor and Sons would install the bells and chimes and Messrs Potts of Leeds would fit the new clock. The total estimated cost was £1,162. Ref 26.
24th April Penistone Cattle Market closed to comply with Foot and Mouth Disease regulations. Ref 26.
22nd May Scout Dike Reservoir - First sod cut on a brilliant sunny day in a ceremony performed by Cllr GF Wood, Mayor of Barnsley, with Barnsley Corporation VIPs watching on. The reservoir scheme was to improve Barnsley's water supply. Ref 26.
26th June Penistone Church tower. The old carillon of six bells was taken away by lorry to Loughborough by Messrs J Taylor and Sons to re-cast. They were re-hung and two smaller bells added to complete the octave. Ref 26.
  Cubley Brook Brewery sold and re-opened, after being out of use since 1911. The new portion was used as a Malt Kiln and the older portion as a Malt Vinegar Brewery. This was the beginnings of the Penistone Pure Malt Vinegar Company. Ref 26.
9th Aug Penistone War Memorial unveiled on a bright, sunny day. It had been discussed since 1920 but plans for a war memorial were not approved by Penistone Urban Council until November 1923. The memorial was unveiled by Sir Alexander Bosville MacDonald of the Isles and dedicated by the Venerable Archdeacon RCM Harvey. The memorial was constructed of Bolton Woods stone by Mr Earnest T Moore of Penistone at a cost of about £500. A stepped platform bearing the memorial cross was cut into Penistone Church's wall and adorned with names of 'the fallen' of the Great War of 1914-1918, the Fallen of WWII were added following that conflict. Its design was by Mr Alfred Gotsh of Kettering, President of the Royal Institute of Architects. Details from Ref 25 also Ref 1, Ref 3. Remembrance parades and ceremonies have respectfully taken place by the memorial every year, with the names of the Fallen read out and two minutes contemplative silence. See my Remembrance Day page.
  First buses from Yorkshire Traction Co and Sheffield Corporation run to Penistone. Ref 6, p9.
21st Aug The 64th Penistone Agricultural Show was held on a day of heavy showers, causing receipts at the gates and grandstand to suffer. This was the third show in succession to be on a rainy day. There were 2,605 entries. Ref 26.
  Midhope School rebuilt, for the third time. It has since closed.
  Spring Vale Garage founded this year by Cecil Penney on Sheffield Road. He was a former employee of William Gittus and Son, Waggon makers. By 1936 the garage sold six brands of petrol: Cleveland Discol, National Benzole, Esso, Esso Ethyl, Power and BP. The garage is still running today. Ref 17 p94.
  Spring Vale Methodist Church, nearly opposite the current junior school, replaced the old 'Tin Chapel'.
29th Oct General Election. Penistone Parliamentary Division. Total electorate 35,358 of whom 80.6% recorded their votes on a showery day (Ref 26). Results declared from Penistone Town Hall on the following day. Mr Smith (Lab.) displaced Mr Pringle (Lib.), who had been Penistone's MP from November 1922:
10,997 - Rennie Smith BSc (Labour)
9,718 - Col. Charles Hodgkinson (Conservative)
7,799 - William Mather Rutherford Pringle (Liberal)
13th Dec Millhouse Green Institute opened by Mr J Wagstaff JP. It had cost close to £1,170. Ref 26.
20th Dec. New Bells and Clock dedicated at Penistone Church by the Venerable Archdeacon Harvey of Huddersfield. The new clock was to have two faces on the West and South sides of the tower. The Parochial Church Council had made their decision to erect a new clock 28th May 1924, as the existing clock was becoming unreliable after doing service for 100 years. The clock order was placed with Messrs Potts of Leeds with Mr GAB Lockley of Cubley Hall bearing the cost of fitting it with Westminster Chimes as an act of charity. Ref 6, Ref 26 and see 1817 and Penistone Church history page.
1925 Jan Mumps were prevalent in the district and several schools were closed. Ref 26.
3rd Jan First Peal of Penistone Church's new carillon of eight bells. Described as: Kent Treble Bob Major, 5,184 changes. Ref 26.
13th Jan Man killed by Express Train at Dunford Bridge. Mr Sam Fenton, 61, was a signal fitter and lived on Don Street. Ref 26.
17th Jan. Penistone & District Working Men's Club opened in Spring Vale by Cllr Jackson of Barnsley. Another building (ex-cinema) was added around 1950. It was all demolished around 1958, and a new purpose-built clubhouse put up.
1 Feb Mr George Lansbury, MP, spoke on the Nationalisation of Mines in Penistone Town Hall, in connection with the formation of the Penistone Branch of the Labour Party. Ref 26.
Nov Spring Vale Box Mill demolished. The stone was used to build houses at the corner of Don Street. The mill was built 1860-1861 by Messrs G&W Waites and used as a Flax Mill until it closed in 1869. Some years later it was a Mineral Water Box Factory and employed many hands. Ref 26.
26th Dec. The White Bear public house closed, having opened in 1861. It later became Penistone British Legion club. Its door was in the alleyway by the side of Clark's Chemist. Ref 17 p73. See the Old Inns page.
30th Dec Worst gale in Penistone for 31 years.
1926 14th Feb. Silkstone Main colliery flooded. Ref 6, p11.
  The Horns Inn closed. The building is now used by the Balti House Indian take-away. Ref 6. See the Old Inns page.
3rd Aug Electricity (Supply) Act relating to our area. From Hansard: 'Resolved, "That the Special Order made by the Electricity Commissioners under the Electricity (Supply) Acts, 1882 to 1922, and confirmed by the Minister of Transport under the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1919, in respect of the urban districts of Denby and Cumberworth, Dodsworth, Gunthwaite and Ingbirchworth, Hoylandswaine, Shelley. Shepley, Stocksbridge and Thurlstone, and parts of the rural districts of Barnsley and Penistone, all in the West Riding of the county of York, which was presented on the 15th day of July, 1926, be approved."' This paved the way for our electricity supply. Homes at this time would have been lit by gas lamps, although some disparate mains supplies could be found, with variations in voltage and either ac or dc. The Act closed down most of the smaller generators and unified the output of those remaining.
16th Aug Thurgoland Miners' Welfare Recreation Ground and Institute founded, later renamed as Thurgoland Village Welfare. Local landowner Robert Mountain Swift of Copster, Thurgoland donated about four acres of land called 'Clapper Gates' by signing a deed transferring it into the care of the trustees of Thurgoland Miners' Welfare Recreation Ground and Institute, for recreational and educational use, for the benefit of local residents. It was registered with the Charity Commission soon afterwards. In 1973, the trust was renamed from 'Thurgoland Miners Welfare Recreation Ground and Institute' to 'Thurgoland Village Welfare'. The Recreation Ground, Village Hall, Youth Centre, Bowling Green and Tennis Court are all now on this land but the old name of 'Clapper Gates' is no longer in use. The Trust is independent of any 'official' body and does not 'belong' to anyone but the villagers. Details from a Thurgoland Welfare Newsletter (pdf) and History (pdf) on the Thurgoland site. Registered Charity 523970.
1927 29th Jan 'Tin Chapel' opened in Spring Vale. From Mrs Margaret Marsh's archives, the chapel had started in the 1850s with services first being held in a cottage on Queen Street, Spring Vale. A chapel was built a few years later and used for more than 60 years before this one was built on the same site in 1926/7. A Sunday School premises was later opened on 4th November 1961.
  Penistone Grammar School had 350 boys and girls, with a staff of 20 assistant masters and mistresses. The headmaster was Gray Wilfred Morris and the school clerk was Charles Hodgkinson, a local Solicitor. Hodgekinson had served the school well, having been listed as school clerk in Kelley’s 1889 trade directory. See Ref 28.
  Penistone Primitive Methodist Chapel opened. This is likely to now be the clinic, opposite The Dolphin fish & chip shop (needs to be confirmed).
1928   Frank Platt's electrical shop opens in Holmfirth (still trading 2013). Later shops arrived in Glossop and Penistone.
  Smallpox outbreak at Penistone Workhouse. Eight cases of which one was fatal, thought to have been brought in by vagrants from Barnsley. Ref 27.
26th Aug. Seventh Denby Dale 'Infirmary' Pie, was baked to raise much-needed money for Huddersfield Royal Infirmary and to belatedly celebrate victory in the Great War. A sign read: '£1,000 needed for Huddersfield Infirmary'. More than 6,000 people arrived by train. There were a few problems behind the scenes. A local man discreetly removed six barrowloads of rotten contents to prevent the pie going off. The dish had a leak which was plugged with a poultice of mostly oatmeal. The 16ft long, 5ft wide dish became stuck in the oven and twenty men with crowbars took two hours to break it free. See Ref 20.
1929   The English Steel Corporation Ltd formed from a merger of steel industry companies, involving parts of: Vickers, Vickers-Armstrong and Cammell, Laird and Co. The Yorkshire Steel and Iron works in Penistone was part of Cammel Laird.
1930s   Electric Street Lighting - This came to Penistone around this time.
1930   Penistone Workhouse at Netherfield (see 1861) taken over by the West Riding County Council (WRCC). It was continued as a 'Public Assistance Institution'. An initial report gave it good commendations. Ref 27.
13th July Mr John Ness Dransfield died, aged 90. He was a local historian and prominent member of several organisations. He might, perhaps, be best known as author of 'A History of the Parish of Penistone', which has inspired and informed the history section of this website.
25th Oct 'Penistone Bypass' or the 'Top Road' commenced. This was the Sheffield-Penistone-Huddersfield by-pass. It had been abandoned in 1932 but was finally completed in 1938.(Hansard)
  The Yorkshire Steel and Iron works (part of Cammel-Laird) closed in Penistone, under the English Steel Corporation. At its peak, it employed 1,500 men. Questions were asked in Parliament, by Penistone MP Mr Rennie Smith, about the availability of facilities for Penistone as a depressed area. (Extract in Hansard) See the David Brown history page. Also see Grace's Guide: David Brown and Sons and Wikipedia.
1931 4th Sept Heavy rain and flooding in Penistone.
  Penistone Theatre Group formed. Ref 2.
Nov New National Provincial Bank opened in Penistone.
1933   Penistone Market improved and expanded. The covered shedding was considerably increased. Ref 6. See my Market page.
  Worst winters recorded: The great snows of 1933, 1947 and 1962-3. Old photographs show the level of snow piled up in drifts on Penistone High Street to be nearly as high as a man. Ref 3.
15th Dec. Official visit to Penistone by Prince of Wales, heir of George V, who would become King Edward VIII (but not for long). He was visiting areas of the country which had suffered badly through the industrial slump. The closure of the Cammel-Laird steelworks in 1930 caused great unemployment in our area. The Prince had come to see the 'Occupational Centre', which had been set up to help redundant workers. Excited children from local schools were led on to high ground near the works entrance to observe the bowler-hatted Prince, who blended in with others wearing dark suits and long coats in the winter chill. The VIPs were gathered near to a building nick-named 'The Coffee Tavern' which might have been a former canteen. According to a reminiscence from 'Times Remembered' (Pen LHG, 1990), the Prince 'Looked very, very ordinary' to the on-looking child and nothing liked the fabled princes of children's stories, who were always young, athletic and good-looking. It is likely that the young children were disappointed.

Three years after his visit to Penistone, Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David (23th June 1894 to 28th May 1972) would become 'King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India'. His reign as Edward III lasted from 20th January 1936 until his abdication on 11th December the same year. . Ref 2 and Ref 3.
1934   Bolsterstone Male Voice Choir founded. Choristers of St Mary's Parish Church in Bolsterstone formed the new MVC through the efforts of Mr Bill Evans, whose tenure as conductor lasted from its foundation until 1964. A notable member of the choir in the 1960s would have been well known in Penistone. He was the metalwork and woodwork teacher Mr Crossland, whose nickname was 'Gosh'. The new conductor appointed in 1965 was Mr Alvin Tipple, a steelworks divisional manager. BMVC is still going in 2016.
  Tower clock presented to Hoylandswaine church by Joah and Elizabeth Heeley, as a token of goodwill.
  David Brown bought the Cammel Laird steelworks site, Penistone, for a new foundry. See the David Brown history page. Also see Grace's Guide: David Brown and Sons and Wikipedia.
1935   David Brown Foundries began making high grade steel, and steel castings. See the David Brown history page. Also see Grace's Guide: David Brown and Sons and Wikipedia.
1936   Penistone Bus Shelter built near the church. Ref 17 p27 and Ref 6, p17.
  Penistone included in the list of 'Special Areas' before Parliament intended to improve unemployment by job creation through public works. (Hansard)
7th Dec Park Avenue housing estate started being built in Penistone, off the High Street. These were rented, semi-detached council houses and were spacious and solidly built of red brick. See the Penpic Housing History, also Ref 1.
1937   Hawley's timber business at The Green, Penistone, bought by Crossleys of Blackpool but still trades as Hawley's. See also the 1820s and 2007.
10th Nov Local photographer Joshua Biltcliffe died, leaving his business to be carried on by son John Thomas Biltcliffe. It was listed in Kelly’s Directory of 1927 as 'Joshua Biltcliffe & Son'. The business came to an end in 1964 and,eventually, the shop was demolished. An anecdote has it that photographic plates and equipment were destroyed as the building was being demolished. See this site.
1938   Foot and Mouth Disease found in cattle in Stocksbridge and Higher Bradfield. Ref 6, p9.
April Spring Vale Handbell Ringers founded. This was gleaned from the original writing on an old photo posted to Penistone Archive Group on Facebook. It showed 13 men stood behind a huge array of handbells, stacked according to diameter with the largest on top. They were about eight deep by at least 16 on each row. The smallest would be about 2" diameter and the largest about 10" diameter.
17th July
Fourth Moorland Hospital Effort
Flouch Music Festival
Open Air Service of Sacred Music
will be held on
Sunday Afternoon, 17th July 1938
In a field facing Flouch Garage (Kindly lent by P Schofield Esq., J.P.)
Commence at 3 o'clock
Chairman : Councillor V Challis (Stocksbridge),
Speaker : Rev E.D.C. Wright, Vicar of Penistone.
Hymns - Choruses from the 'Messiah'.
Selections by the Hepworth Iron Works Band
Conductor of Singing : A Charlesworth Esq., (Millhouse)
Chairman of Committee : T Hinchcliffe Esq., (Millhouse)
Hon. Sec. : John Durrans (Thurlstone)
Proceeds for Barnsley Hospital
Subscription Tickets - 3d each, Programmes - 2d each
The Hepworth Iron Works Band will also play selections in the evening.
All musicians cordially invited. Free parking. Stopping place for Barnsley and Sheffield buses.

My footnotes: The above details were on a poster circulating on Facebook, 2016, not formatted exactly as shown.
The Rev Edward Denzil Chetwynd Wright became the incumbent for Penistone Church the same year.
18th Oct 'Penistone Bypass' or the 'Top Road' completed. Construction of this Sheffield-Penistone-Huddersfield by-pass began in 1930. It had been abandoned in 1932 but was finally completed this year.
  Hepworth Iron Co. abandons brick-making in favour of clayware conduit (used for underground telephone wires) and other clay pipes.
1939   Mr Arnold Goldthorpe establishes a business at Kirkwood Mills, owned by Mr G Hoyland but unused for about thirty years. Mr Goldthorpe retired in 1956 but the company continued supplying animal feeds under the name of A Goldthorpe and Sons. It became 'Argo Feeds' in 1970 and 'Argo Haulage - Penistone Ltd.' in 1976.
1944   Penistone Young Farmers' Club formed. (Pen YFC)
  Mains Electricity. By this year, only two out of three British homes had electricity, the number having doubled during the previous ten years. The number of electricity consumers had increased from ¾ million in 1920 to 9 million in 1938.
24th Dec German flying bombs pass over Penistone. This is still in the time of the Second World War.
1947   Airey houses built around this time in new council estates. 'Old Ward Street' was extended down to Green Road, Victoria Street extended to meet Ward Street and other streets laid to join Ward Street. Airey houses were also built at Crow Edge and Thurgoland. The houses were upgraded in 1979 and demolished around 1983. See the Penpic Housing History for details.
28th Sept Six 20lb fragmentation bombs stolen from an ammunitions dump near Underbank, presumably for use on Guy Fawkes Night. Two boys, 11 and 12 years old, had previously extracted cordite from bombs and were the prime suspects.
18th Oct Coach Accident - Near Holmfirth. Nine people were killed on a journey by Bolsterstone Male Voice Choir, which had members, supporters and relatives of the choir. The deceased were: From Stocksbridge: Mr Alfred Pearson (43), Mr Alan Hodgkinson (20), Mr Robert B Broadhead (48), Mr John Firth (44), Mrs Nora Firth (44) and Mr Clifford Ellison; from Bolsterstone: Mr Harry Evans (63) and Mrs Aline T Helliwell; from Cudworth, the driver Mr Thomas Yates (25). The bus went out of control while descending Dunford Road, Holmfirth, and crashed into a warehouse in Holmfirth 'at tremendous speed.' Sources: 80th Anniversary booklet from 2014 and the 1948 Almanack. The choir was formed in 1934.
1948 25th Jan. PGS War Memorial unveiled at Penistone Grammar School, recording the names of fallen alumni from the Great War. It was removed when the old PGS buildings were demolished around 2011 as the new school was being built. At the time, the governing board made it known that they would like it sited in penistone Church. After some local controversy, a shiny new memorial and stone was sited at the PGS car park entrance in 2013. Its first ceremony was on Friday 8th November 2013 on a windy and overcast day. This was attended by the PGS Principal Jo Higgins, Barnsley MP Don Jarvis. Penistone Mayor Cllr Jonathan Cutts, Father David of Penistone Church, a delegation of PGS pupils and the public. The tradition would be continued on the Friday before Remembrance Sunday each year. Ref 6, p9.
  Former Penistone Workhouse at Netherfield, now a 'Public Assistance Institution', changes into 'Netherfield Aged Persons' Home'. Inmates now called residents. Males were in the main building and females in the old infirmary building. Existing patients were relocated to NHS hospitals. The National Health service was set up this same year. See 1861 and Ref 27.
  First ever play performed by Penistone Players in the Drill Hall (which became 'Penistone Sports Centre' and later 'Penistone Leisure Centre').
Penistone
1950s   Around this time, a wooden building was added on to Penistone & District Working Men's Club in Spring Vale, at right-angles to the original building. The building had been a cinema in Dunford Bridge for workers on either a Woodhead Tunnel or Winscar Reservoir. It was taken apart plank by plank and rebuilt in Spring Vale. The WMC building was painted green. It became fairly rotten and was demolished around 1958, when a new building was put up. Thurgoland's Fir Tree estate was also built in this decade.
, ,   Population of England and Wales about 56 million. During the Second World War some Czechs and Poles had fled to Britain and fought on the allied side, to eventually settle here. Many of them served in the RAF during the war. Some Irish from neutral Ireland had also volunteered to fight for the allies. In our area, some Polish people settled in Thurgoland.
1950   Pengeston Lodge founded by Penistone's Freemasons. The lodge had been formed from the older Wharncliffe Lodge, itself founded (they call it 'consecrated') in 1873. They both share the Masonic Hall adjacent to Penistone Town Hall (Paramount Theatre). The southern part of the WR Province is designated as 'Area 4' with 53 lodges. It has Masonic Halls in Barnsley (Eastgate and Cockerham Lane), Doncaster, Thorne, Goole, Bawtry, Swinton, Rotherham, Penistone and Sheffield. Penistone Masonic Hall is housed in Penistone Town Hall building, while all of the other Halls are owned by the local freemasons. 26 of the Area 4 Lodges meet at Tapton Hall in Sheffield. Pengeston Lodge meetings are the third Wednesday of each month except July and August; also the third Saturday in April.
1951   Big Flood in Penistone.
  Penistone Market improved. Considerable alterations, including a covered market, were made 'to meet the Ministry's order.' Ref 6. See my Market page.
  David Brown Corporation formed as parent of a variety of David Brown companies, which included Aston Martin (since 1947) and Lagonda (since 1948). The David Brown investment led to the DB series of Aston Martins and was, therefore, a connection with that great British secret agent 007 of fiction, James Bond. See the David Brown history page. Also see Grace's Guide: David Brown and Sons and Wikipedia.
  Cannon Hall sold to Barnsley for a museum, its last owner being Margaret Elizabeth Spencer-Stanhope (Fraser) (1891-1964). The home farm was sold privately. Elizabeth divorced her husband, Rear Admiral George Fraser and latterly called herself, Mrs. Elizabeth Fraser Spencer-Stanhope or just 'Mrs Stanhope'. The Cannon Hall Estate offered the Cawthorne Victoria Jubilee Museum building to the village for the sum of £100, which was raised with some difficulty. Upon completion, it was matched by a further £100 from an anonymous donor, to preserve its future. See 1764 and Cawthorne Museum.
12th Oct 405-line, monochrome Television started to be transmitted from a new lattice tower at Holme Moss. So-called 'High definition' public TV broadcasting had started in London in 1937, to be closed down at the start of WWII with 20,000 TV sets in use. BBC television broadcasting re-started in 1946. Holme Moss transmitter was the BBC's third public television transmitter in the country and covered a very large area which unofficially reached into Ireland. It was quite a powerful transmitter emitting 100kW erp on Ch. 2, vertical polarisation - Vision Carrier 51.75MHz (Vestigial Sideband AM, Positive Modulation), Sound Carrier 48.25MHz (AM). TV viewers used vertical 'X' or 'H' aerials for this service. It was a major task for BICC to build the 750-ft (228m) tower to withstand 85 mph wind and ice up to ½ inch thick in this bleak location. Peat had to be dug out deeply to find a strong enough base. The transmitter was supplied by the National Grid from both sides of the Pennines but also had a marine diesel engine as backup, which was started by compressed air. The station had sleeping quarters and supplies for when it was cut off by snow, which happened from time to time. After BBC TV (renamed BBC1) started being transmitted on UHF/625 lines in the late 1960s, distribution of the signal was routed via Emley Moor. A domestic Yagi aerial was mounted on the mast to receive the UHF signal and a custom-built, analogue Standards Converter changed it from 625 to 405-lines, to be passed to the VHF transmitter. Security at Holme Moss had to be strengthened following terrorist attacks to other broadcast locations by Welsh Nationalists, around the early 1980s. The 405-line service continued until c. 1985, when UHF TV carried all channels and was being received by nearly everyone. Read this enthusiast's page page and a UK TV Timeline.
23rd Oct. Penistone Playhouse and Children's Theatre Group formed, later to become Penistone Theatre Group. It also put on two adult plays each year to finance a children's production every January. Ref 16.
1952 1st Feb. First experimental Electric Passenger Train stopped at Penistone Station on its way from Wath to Dunford Bridge. It carried press and British Railway top brass. Ref 6.
  Penistone Theatre Group - Founded this year, according to the Penistone Theatre Group website.
4th Feb. Inauguration of electric goods trains from Wath to Dunford Bridge. Its control room was the big square building which is now part of Lavender International. Ref 6.
19th Mar. WRCC purchases Cawthorne Museum for £100 and agrees to maintain it. Ref 6.
1953   Cannon Hall sold to Barnsley Council. The Cawthorne Victoria Jubilee Museum was bought by the village at the same time. (From museum leaflet). Cawthorne Museum.
August
Third Woodhead Tunnel completed. This was in preparation for the electrification of the Woodhead Line and it carried both 'up' and 'down' lines. The old tunnels were closed off. The original plan had been maintain the old tunnels but they were in very poor condition after a century of steam locomotives and constant seepage of water through acid shale. The new tunnel cost £4.24m. Steam locomotives were banned from the new tunnel (except for at least one that I personally travelled with) and this allowed the use of normal Portland cement in the new tunnel's construction. (Completion date was given as October in Ref 18)
21st Aug 80th Penistone Show revived after a nine-year lapse. The Show had been cancelled during both World Wars. Ref 6.
Nov Electricity installed in Langsett.
1954   Oxspring Corn Mill at the foot of Bower Hill, was dismantled some time after 1953.
  'New' telephone exchange built on Talbot Road, close to the location of the later St Mary's Church. It had 'Telephone Exchange' in the stonework. Before this time, the earlier and first exchange had been in a house on Church Street. It eventually moved to a box-like building near the entrance to Stottercliff Cemetery on Thurlstone Road and the Talbot Road building was converted into a house, now called 'The Exchange'. See the view from the Church Tower.
3rd June First train on the new electrified Woodhead railway line. It used Class 76 (wiki) and Class77 (wiki) electric locomotives on a 1,500kV DC catenary system. The DC system allowed Regenerative Braking between 16 and 55 mph, such that a locomotive going downhill could return power to the system for the benefit of other locomotives. It was later superseded by 25kV AC in the UK (developed in France) but it was too costly to convert the Woodhead Line. The electric locomotives were withdrawn by British Railways in 1969 and sold to Dutch Railways, who used (and still have) the 1,500kV DC catenary system. See John Spiller's website for early pictures and description.
1955 18th Dec. Ordination Service in Penistone Parish Church to ordain: Rev HJ Hobbs (Penistone), Rev WD Lewis (Lightcliffe) and Deacon PG Hooper. The ordinations were performed by the Bishop of Wakefield. Details from Penistone Almanac 1957. According to Wikipedia, the Bishop of Wakefield from 1954 to 1961 was Rev George Clarkson.
1956 2nd Feb. Arthur R 'Spinner' Lee - Received an award, along with other members of Penistone and Mexborough Fire Services, from the RSPCA for rescuing a heifer which had fallen down a 30-foot well at Bella Vista, near Hartcliff in July the year before.
8th Feb. The manual telephone exchange on Church Street closed down, to be replaced by a new automatic exchange in a new building on Talbot Road, near to where St Mary's RC Church would be built in 1954. At this time, there were 450 subscribers to the telephone system. From 1957 Penistone Almanac.
Feb. Penistone Grammar School - Decides to purchase 6½ acres of land adjacent to Long Lane, 'subject to consent', for playing fields. Price was £500.
23rd Feb. PGS Speech Day - The Speech and Prize-giving Day was held in Penistone Town Hall (now called the Paramount). The Vice-Chancellor of Leeds University, Sir Charles Morris, presented the prizes. From 1957 Penistone Almanac.
  Flooding on Green Road around this time. Ref 17 p91. It had happened before and would happen again.
13th Nov. ITV Television starts transmission from a new steel lattice tower at Emley Moor. This was 405-line, monochrome picture on one channel only. Transmitter power was 100kW erp on Band III, Ch.10 with horizontal polarisation, Vision Carrier 199.75MHz (Vestigial Sideband AM, Positive Modulation), Sound Carrier 196.25MHz (AM). At the time, there had been only one other TV channel, the BBC on Band I, Channel 2, from Holme Moss. Long after the 405-line stations closed down, the Band III, ITV channels were re-used for DAB radio. See UK 405 Line Network.
1957 1st June Cannon Hall Museum opened to the public this year, having been sold to Barnsley Council in 1951. See 1764 for some of Cannon Hall's history.
  Penistone Grammar School became one of the first in the country to become a 'Neighbourhood Comprehensive School'. See PGS History page.
1958   The last year when pupils could spend their entire school days at Spring Vale School, which then became a Primary School.
  Last year of annual publication of the old Penistone Almanack. The first one was published in 1872 by the Wood family and had continued until this year. A spurious edition also came out in 1984 (which see).
  The old, wooden Penistone Working Men's Club building demolished around this time and a new one built. The old one had been painted green outside. It became rotten and was replaced by a purpose-built new club building. See Spring Vale Reminiscences.
1959   Penistone Church Lychgate built. During the incumbency of Rev. David Turnbull, in honour of Rev. Wm Stevenson Turnbull (not related), See the Church History page.
1960   Some time in this decade the stage of Penistone Town Hall Cinema was extended.
26th June Penistone Sing had been a long tradition. This item relates to this year's event. Thurlstone Brass Band played during the afternoon, when there was both an impromptu orchestra and a choir singing sections from Handel's Messiah (including the Hallelujah Chorus). The band also performed a concert on the same evening. Line-up relating to a photo on the band's Facebook:
Trombones: Trevor Green, Derek Roebuck, Julian Langley, Ken Dyson; Baritone: Glennis Barkworth (nee Alsop); Tenor Horn, Clifford Hamer.
  Wood's Garage rebuilt in Oxspring. An old wooden building which was right up to the pavement was replaced and space made for off-road refueling. Vehicles and machinery were repaired in a little green hut.
1961 4th Nov Sunday School premises opened for Spring Vale's Tin Chapel. See also 1927.
1964 March Death of local photographer John Thomas Biltcliffe (born 1878) who recorded Penistone's notable events and people. He was the last of four sons of Joshua Biltcliffe who established the photography shop at No 6, Bridge Street. It was a wooden building in what is now the yard to Peter Hoyland's nuts and bolts place opposite the Police Station. JT Biltcliffe sold a large collection of his prints to Penistone Urban Council, through the clerk Col. J Hodgkinson, for them to be placed in Penistone Library. See this biography and Joshua Biltcliffe.
  New bridge and road straightened at the bottom of Bower Hill, Oxspring. The old hump bridge had been rather tight and and proved to be disturbing to bus passengers who were easily thrown from their seats. Others enjoyed the cheap thrill. The old bridge is now a 'Listed Building'. Nearby 'Bower Dell' was a sewage works until the local council adopted it and turned it into a picnic site.
5th Sept. Eighth Denby Dale Pie. This was to celebrate four royal births: Prince Edward, Lady Helen Windsor, Lady Sarah Armstrong Jones and James Ogilvy. As a publicity stunt, the Pie dish had set sail on a canal. Pie Day was marred by the tragic deaths of four Pie Committee members from a car accident on the Grantham bypass in the early hours of the morning. This was while returning from filming in London for a pilot television show (to become the Eamonn Andrews Show). Those who died were: Lead Baker, George Saville (52); Pie Planning Committee Chairman, John Haigh (24); retired businessman, Benjamin Beaver (86); and Denby Dale Brass bandsman, Lawrence Wainwright (63). J Haigh's wife of the previous year was expecting their first child. The pie dish was 18ft. long, 6ft. wide and 18 inches deep. More than 30,000 ate some pie and 2,000 commemorative plates were sold. This raised almost £24,000 to build a village hall, known as the Pie Hall, 297 Wakefield Road, which opened in 1972. The Pie Hall holds a large collection of Pie memorabilia and one of the dishes from this year is used as a flower planter outside the Hall. See Ref 20.
24th Oct Penistone Theatre Group opens 'The Shack' on St Mary's Street. The necessary £1,500 was raised in just two weeks from a mixture of loans and donations. The new headquarters was opened by Colin George, producer at the Crucible Theatre, Sheffield. Ref 16.
1965 31st May St Mary's RC Church opened, Talbot Road. It had been built by John Callanan and consecrated by Bishop George Dwyer, Bishop of Leeds on Monday 31st May 1965. Ref 17 p41. A message from John Wright said that the land where St. Mary’s was built was purchased in 1919 by the priest of St. Ann’s Church of Deepcar, a church which was 150 years old in 2009.
  Penistone Grammar School's Swimming Bath Appeal. Various fund-raising activities took place, including a tea-towel (designed by teacher John Ward) and a Gala Day. Pupils were enthusiastic and very much involved in the activities by setting up their individual stalls. Unfortunately, the swimming pool was never built. See PGS-Archive and its Facebook.
1966   Stocksbridge College for Further Education opened by then Prime Minister Harold Wilson on Hole House Lane, Stocksbridge (JB was there). It was mostly to produce 'factory fodder' for the steelworks and its catchment area included Penistone. It continued until 1998.
  Penistone Drill Hall closed.
30th Mar. The Carnegie Free Library closes on Shrewsbury Road and Penistone's New Library officially opened by Cllr S Palmer, of West Riding County Council (WRCC), Wakefield. See 1902, 1913.
1967 January Conoco (Continental Oil Company) takes over the Blackmoor Terminal (near Oxspring) having previously been operated by Regent Oil for the Department of Energy. The Oxspring fuel depot was linked to the GPSS (Government Pipeline & Storage System). The GPSS was a fuel oil network started during WWII and extended following the Suez crisis (see this site). Local history suggests that Blackmoor was constructed in 1956, following the Suez crisis. The terminal was regarded as strategic and did not feature on OS maps until after 1970. The 2,500 OS map of 1960-61 revealed railway sidings adjacent to the site. As a matter of modern interest, the Energy Bill of 2012 seeks to dispose of the GPSS and dissolve the Oil and Pipelines Agency (most likely for political reasons).
  Penistone Grammar School. Saunderson Building and Frank Winterbottom Hall opened. Ref 28.
  Millhouse Green Male Voice Choir founded (Information in an EPIP document). Still in operation in 2016.
Nov. BBC Radio Sheffield started broadcasting, as 'local radio' station covering our area.
1968   Planning Permission obtained for Thurgoland Village Hall. Previous to this, a wooden hut had done the job but, after the Fir Tree estate had been built in the 1950s, the population had nearly doubled, Thurgoland needed a village hall. See August 1926 for some background. Registered Charity 523970.
1969 19th Mar. Emley Moor's lattice transmitting tower iced up and collapsed, only six months before ITV and BBC1's UHF/625 line colour services were due to join the existing BBC2 UHF/625 line colour channel (started July this year). This tower also transmitted 405-line ITV on Band III, Ch 10 at the time. Meanwhile at Holme Moss, VHF/405-line BBC TV continued as normal. See this article on the lattice tower and its replacement. Annual £10 Colour TV licences had been introduced in 1968, while Black-and-White ('monochrome') licences cost £5 per year.
  Oxspring Tollbar demolished. It had been in use as a shop.
  Penistone Competitive Music Festival - Started by Millhouse Green Male Voice Choir this year. Continues to be held at Penistone Grammar School, with Mr David Wilkinson as Secretary. This event is always on the last Saturday of September. (Registered Charity No. 511148). See Pen Comp Music Fest.
15th Nov. Colour TV on ITV and BBC1 transmitted from a temporary Swedish tower at Emley Moor.
1970s   Winscar Reservoir Built, with its capacity of 8 million cubic metres, was built near Dunford Bridge between 1972 and 1975. See 'Water Treatment and Supply' (pdf).
  Penistone Majorettes Founded - This item was posted on Penistone Archive Group's Facebook page by Jayne Firth in September 2017.
The troupe was formed in the early 1970s by Jim and Blanche Matthews and were the first in the North of England. Originally a marching group, they were then trained during the summer holidays to use batons (Jayne says: "I remember the pain and the bruises all too well"). The trainers came from Romford, Essex and were British Airways Majorettes at the time. Penistone Majorettes were still around in the 1980s.
  Penistone Church alterations. Organ moved to the back and the altar moved forwards, some time in this decade.
1970 5th Jan. Woodhead Railway line was closed to passenger traffic but continued in use for freight until 1981.
  Winterbottom's Wire Mill was being run by George Winterbottom's two sons until it passed to his three grandsons in 1950, at which stage, with no sons to follow, control was extended to nephews and in-laws. After tense negotiations, Winterbottom's Wire Mill was finally administered this year by a parent company in Paisley but it continued under the same management as before. See 1888, 2001, and my Winterbottom page.
  Merger between Hepworth Iron Co. of Crow Edge and General Refractories Group Ltd. forming a company named Hepworth. GRC started in 1900 as Worksop Brick Co. and acquired British Industrial Sand Ltd. in 1963. Through General Refractories, the combined company acquired the major Scottish refractories John G Stein Co. Soon the merged company had divisions for plastics, clayware, refractories, foundry resins, foundry equipment, sands, engineering and miscellaneous. Hepworth Iron Co. always gave their address as either Stocksbridge or Hazlehead and were always simply called: "T' company" in the locality, with a tradition of working people hard. There's a saying that they: "Make pipes and old men".
Sept The new concrete Emley Moor Mast was completed, about 5km from Huddersfield, after the earlier old steel lattice tower had collapsed in 1968. Only three (analogue) TV channels were broadcast from the tower at this time and at first BBC2 was the only channel to transmit colour TV: BBC1 (Channel 44, Vision Carrier 655.25 MHz), ITV (ch 47, V. Carrier 679.25 MHz) and BBC2 (ch 51, V. Carrier 711.25 MHz). Transmissions were: Video - Vestigial Sideband AM, Negative Modulation (PAL system colour) and Sound - Monaural FM using 6MHz IF inter-carrier demodulation. The Emley Moor Wiki has details of later transmissions. At this time, most of the new TV sets were 'Dual Standard' Monochrome, to receive the old 405 and new 625-line channels in black-and-white, and used valves rather than transistors. Colour TVs at the time were very expensive and a luxury item. As the new channels used negative modulation and higher frequencies, picture interference from passing vehicles was black dots and much less noticeable than the de-focussed white blobs of the old 405-line TVs. Better TV set design (flywheel sync. and black-level clamping) helped to improved picture stability from such as 'aircraft flutter'. The FM sound brought about an improvement in sound quality but was usually let down by a poor TV speaker. The PAL Colour system was very robust about accumulated errors in the transmission chain from studio to TV set and showed the value in choosing a system with great care, unlike America's NTSC system (jokingly called in the UK: 'Never Twice the Same Colour'), which had been hastily adopted. The new tower was made of concrete with a height of 1084 ft (328m) and base diameter of 80ft tapering up to 20ft. It was designed by Ove Arup and Partners and the main contractors were Tileman and Co. The microwave Link Room had clear glass at one side and tinted glass at the sunny side, to reduce equipment overheating in direct sunlight. Lift travel time (in the 1990s) was 7 to 8 minutes from ground level and about the same both ways. Now that Colour TV had arrived in the UK, eight-year-old Carole Hersee (born 1958) appeared on the colour Test Card F used by both BBC and ITV. Carole is said to have had more TV hours than anyone else in the world, her father having designed the Test Card in 1967. The old BBC Holme Moss site soon received BBC TV directly from line-of-sight Emley Moor on an ordinary TV aerial and converted it with an analogue Standards Converter into 405-lines for re-transmission on Ch 2. According to an ex-BBC Engineer, the power of the old VHF transmitters was (unofficially) gradually reduced towards the end of VHF/405-lines around 1985, to urge people to buy new UHF/625-line TV sets. For a time, Emley Moor tower was the highest structure in Europe.
13th Nov Hoylandswaine Church Hall demolished - by a runaway lorry travelling down Haigh Lane. It had been built in the 1860s. A portable building was then acquired from RAF Binbrook, dismantled and re-erected on land near to the church, the work done mostly by men of the parish. The original site was in the grounds of the vicarage. See this document, St John's (small pdf).
1971 Jan Emley Moor Mast - Start of UHF TV service, transmitting analogue 625-line TV channels, which initially were just BBC, BBC2 and ITV. The VHF 405-line TV service recommenced in April. Some local VHF/FM radio stations and utility radio links were added later. Amateur Radio UHF and Microwave beacons GB3MLY and GB3MLE also operated for many years but have now closed down.
  Denby Dale Pie Hall opened. The funds to build this were raised from the 1964 Pie Day. (see 1964)
1972 31st Jan The Rotary Club of Wortley became a member of Rotary International at a presentation at the Grosvenor House Hotel, Sheffield. It had held its Inaugural meeting the year before, on 20th Sept 1971. The club holds its meetings on Monday evenings at Whitley Hall Hotel, Grenoside, Sheffield. In recent times, the Club has organised an annual Vintage Vehicle Rally, held at Wortley Hall. See Wortley Rotary Club's history page.
1973   Netherfield Congregational Church extended and partly re-built this year. The dissenters started in 1752, and the chapel begun in 1786, opened in 1788, and originally called Netherfield Independent Chapel. It closed in 1981 and was converted into a dwelling. The status of its small cemetery is uncertain. See 1752, 1981 and the relevant Archive page and my Thurlstone Views page.
17th July 'Thurgoland Miners Welfare Recreation Ground and Institute' renamed to 'Thurgoland Village Welfare', following a 'Deed of Transfer' on this date. The Trust looks after land donated to the village in 1926. The Recreation Ground, Village Hall, Youth Centre, Bowling Green and Tennis Court are all now on this land but the old name of 'Clapper Gates' is no longer in use. The land does not 'belong' to anyone but the villagers, although some land had been sold to WRCC. It was later sold back to the Trust by BMBC for £1,000. See August 1926 for the background and links to documents. Registered Charity 523970.
1974   Sweeping changes to local governance brought in by the Local Government Act 1972 (see wiki), enacted in 1974. Abolition of the West Riding (with Wakefield at its administrative centre) and the creation of South Yorkshire as administrative regions. Under 'Local Government Re-organisation', the West Riding County Council (WRCC) was abolished in Wakefield and Penistone came under the control of the newly created Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council (BMBC). Penistone's assets were seized by BMBC leading to vastly increased hire charges for community assets and the collapse of some local clubs and societies. Penistone Urban District Council abolished and replaced by Penistone Town Council (PTC) with an advisory role to BMBC and overseeing the Town Hall Cinema/Theatre (and later the Community Centre). All fifteen PTC seats to be elected every four years. The Act allowed mayors to be established. Penistone's first Mayor was Cllr Alec Dixon. The council uses a cow as its seal. See Elections page for current details and a list of PTC mayors. Also see the PTC website.
April Formed in 1848 as The Cubley Brook Brewery, Penistone Pure Malt Vinegar Company closed. It was demolished in 1975. It had made vinegar under a range of well-known labels, including Heinz and Sarsons. Much of the business was transferred to Middleton, Manchester but eventually all of British Vinegar's holdings were wound up in 1983, including the Tower Bridge site in London. See 1983 below and my PPMV page.
  Royal British legion Club moves to its current site on St Mary's Street. The old club with its entrance in the ginnel by Clark's Chemist closes down.
  Netherfield's former workhouse acquired by Penistone Grammar School this year for use as a sixth-form college. They continued to be used for that purpose until the new build. It had been used as an Old Folk's Home up to around this time. See the PGS - Archive site and my PGS history page
1975   New organ installed in Penistone Church, as a gift from Salem United Reformed Church of Bradford. In the same year, a local pensioner made a fish weathervane for the tower, which has seen good service ever since. The fish was a secret sign of early Christians and the stainless steel the weathervane was made of referred to the local steel industry. See my Penistone Church history page.
1976   Lavender NDT. Encouraged by their son David, 'Jack' (John Deryk) and Joyce Lavender, started a Non-destructive Testing (NDT) and training business in Penistone. The business moved into the square block building next to Penistone Railway station which had formerly been the control centre for the electrified Manchester to Sheffield railway. After a few years the testing side gave way to NDT training and consultancy. Son Steve Lavender joined the company in 1982 and helped to move it forward. Now trading as Lavender International.
  New Headmaster of Penistone Grammar School. Mr Martin Antony Bould, known as Tony, joined the school and continued until retirement in 1997. He died in 2014.
1977 June The Royal Silver Jubilee. This commemorated 25 years since the Queen's accession in 1952, on the death of her father George IV. She was crowned on 2nd June 1953. The Jubilee was heartily taken up by towns and villages throughout the country. Penistone Town Council had a programme of events and Ingbirchworth put on a small Parade and Gala. The Queen went on a nation-wide tour which came closest to us at the very crowded Cawthorne Park (Cannon Hall), four miles away. See my 1977 Jubilee Page.
  Penistone and District Riding Club - founded this year. From their website: 'Founded in 1977 from humble beginnings, with a small group of parents getting together and organising simple events. Over the 30 years membership grew and the shows became more professional. The club now runs four open shows every year, the Spring and Summer shows, held at Penistone Recreation Ground having five rings and running Ridden, Inhand, Working Hunter and Show Jumping classes.' Penistone Riding Club - Forum.
  Cheesebottom Sewage Works - Starts processing waste from the Penistone area. Yorkshire Water (formed in 1974) studied the quality of waste treatment from the then existing five works in the area. These were at: Oxspring, Green Moor, Spring Vale, Thurlstone and Thurgoland. From '900 Years of the River Don Fishery' (pdf), 'Green Moor, Oxspring and Thurgoland were relatively small works, whereas Spring Vale and Thurlstone served the Penistone conurbation. These works were inherited by Yorkshire Water Authority on its inauguration in 1974 and to remedy the situation the Authority commissioned the building of a brand new works at Cheesebottom to replace these five works.' See also Don Catchment Rivers Trust.
1978   Penistone Town Hall Cinema receives a major overhaul with two new projectors, a spool tower and sound system installed. Ref 24.
June Mrs Thatcher stays overnight in Penistone. As leader of the Conservatives, her visit was to drum up support prior to an election. She became Prime Minister in the following year.
1981 16th July The last freight train on the Woodhead Railway Line between Manchester and Sheffield. It was closed after freight traffic (most notably coal) had declined. It had already closed in 1970 to passenger traffic. Most of the freight towards the end was hauled by 'Deltic' locomotives, which a local BR employee described as having 'infinite power'. See my Beeching's Axe page.
  Netherfield United Reformed Church closed, having started in 1786 and the chapel opened in 1788. It later became Netherfield Congregational Church. From 1973 it was known as Netherfield United Reformed Church. After it closed this year, its congregation combined with that of St Paul's, which was re-built as St Andrew's Church in 1989. See Archive and the Chapels page.
27th Nov. Cubley Hall closed as a Children's Home by Barnsley MB Council. According to this reference, it opened in 1950 but the Cubley hall leaflet puts its start in the 1930s. Its location, running costs of £100,000 a year and the unruly behaviour of some of its children attending Penistone Grammar School were said to be factors in the decision to close it. Ref 2.
1982 May Gunthwaite Spa - In an early application of the 'Health and Safety' culture, the Spa waters were assessed and declared 'fit for human consumption' by Barnsley Environmental Health Department. Gunthwaite Spa lies about 2 Miles North of Penistone (OS: SE 2431 0614). 'Spaw Sunday' has been a local tradition for several centuries and still continues, despite occasional set-backs. People congregate to take the Spa waters on the first Sunday of May. They are supposed to have miraculous healing powers if imbibed in the morning. In recent times, as in days of old, the occasion has usually been supported by a brass band and tea and buns provided by a stall. Ref 2. See my Customs page.
April/May PFR logoPenistone Footpath Runners was founded this year. By 1983, membership had reached 40. They would meet every Thursday in Penistone Sports Centre, Manchester Road (the former Drill Hall, currently called Penistone Leisure Centre). The club was formed at the suggestion of Cubley resident Doug Carr and a hardy band of local residents, who decided that they were unfit and needed to take up some form of exercise.

The club moved to Penistone Church Football Club in 2002 and its success continued. Facilities and parking were better at PCFC, and they have enjoyed the use of the clubhouse and its refreshments. The move did no harm to membership numbers as they continued to increase. Since its inception, the PFR club has proudly supported the Penistone coat of arms on its logo. See the PFR site which also has a useful history page.
  Penistone Town Hall Cinema closed for three weeks for re-decorating. Ref 24. Steve Tales maintained advertising during this period, concluding with: 'Third Fantastic Week - Closed for Redecoration'. Whilst it was still under the control of BMBC, the central entertainments manager had stipulated appropriate dark colours but was countermanded by the local authority architect who had it painted white with 'a hint of pink'. The light colours were unsuitable for a cinema and it was urgently re-painted during daylight hours to avoid more delay. Ref 24.
  Chicken Factory on Thurlstone Road taken over by Ian Clancy and John Hutchins to expand their double-glazing company: 'South Yorkshire Home Improvements', started in 1978, presumably working from their homes. Ref 2, SYHI
24th Oct. Death of a local character, Mr Arthur Robert 'Spinner' Lee BEM. Many affectionate stories could be told about 'Spinner Lee, who worked for the local council. He lived on Park Avenue. Ref 2
21st June Cubley Hall opened as a free-house public house and gastropub after work lasting at least a year. It had started as a moorland farm on the pack-horse route in the 1700s, then it was converted into a Gentleman's residence with four acres of land during the reign of Queen Victoria. It was a children's home (orphanage) from the 1930s until 1980. John Wigfield and David purchased the building with their redundancy money and transformed the mansion into a comfortable hostelry with an outdoor play area. Miss Florence Lockley is the resident ghost, affectionately known as 'Flo' who was married there in 1904. It has been a great success and a popular venue for weddings, offering everything from accommodation to the service and reception. A function room and carvery was set up in a nearby barn in the early 1990s. See Cubley Hall site and my C Hall page.
1983   Penistone Market opens on Saturday for the first time. See my Market page.
Meeting
14th Mar
Penistone Pure Malt Vinegar Company - Announces in the London Gazette (pdf) a meeting to wind up the business and dispose of its property. It started as Cubley Brook Brewery in 1848. See also 1923 and my PPMV Co. page.
  Thurgoland Thespians - Founded to produce pantomimes in the Village Hall. See Thurgo Thesps.
August Main road closed, A628 Manchester - Sheffield, for repairs to the Penistone Line railway bridge at Viewlands. This is the main road from Penistone Bridge to Hoyland Swaine roundabout. Ref 2 , p126.
1984   A one-off, modern era publication of Penistone Almanack was published by The Penistone and District Society. The Penistone Almanack had been published annually by the Wood family from 1872 to 1958 and included a local telephone directory from the time when telephones started, around the end of the 19th century. In 1958, there were 473 telephone numbers but, by 1984, this had increased seven-fold. The 1984 edition was sold with a separate directory to maintain the old tradition. It would appear that the publishers had intended to continue publishing the Almanack annually but, in the end, this was the last edition.
  Around this time, the old Airey (prefabricated) houses were being demolished on Ward Street, Victoria Street, Unwin Street, Wilson Avenue and Dransfield Avenue. They were built in the 1940s and generally though to have been given an estimated lifespan of fifteen years. It was also said that there were only eight different key profiles used, which meant that it was possible to borrow a neighbour's key to get in (Mrs Simmonds key fitted Mr Briggs' lock). New two-storey 'Housing Association' (social housing) houses were built on Ward Street and single-storey houses for old or disabled people on Dransfield Avenue. The Yorkshire Housing Association later became Berneslai Homes.
1985 26th May Last service at Thurlstone Wesleyan Chapel. Its congregation was amalgamated with that of Thurlstone and Millhouse Green Methodist Church (see 1913 above), which celebrated its centenary in 2014. The Wesleyan Chapel was converted into a dwelling. Ref 17, p42.
  Silkstone Bypass completed, diverting through traffic away from the village and the churchyard corner ('The Cross').
1986   Penistone Ladies' Choir founded by Mrs Gladys Turner. They continue to be popular and have an annual concert in Penistone Church with Millhouse MVC.
3rd June Watermeadows Park near Penistone viaduct and Water Hall, officially opened. Its name has often been forgotten and it might be called Water Hall Park or a variety of other names. A plaque in the park reads a lot like this:
Watermeadows Park Penistone
This park was created by workers on the
Community Programme sponsored by
Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council.
Funding was provided by the
Manpower Services Commission, Barnsley M.B.C.,
Messrs. George Longden
and the Countryside Commission.
The Park was officially opened by
Mayor of Barnsley, Councillor J. Wood B.E.M., J.P.
on Tuesday 3rd June 1986.
  Penistone Town Hall Cinema refurbished and using the new (and largely unloved) name 'Metro', until 1999. The theatre was under the management of Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council (BMBC) but in-house booking of films started this year. It also received new permanent seating this year, which ended the era of dances. See 1999 and my Paramount section.
March St John's old school on Church Street purchased by Penistone Town Council for use as Penistone Community Centre, its formal name being St John's Community Centre. The Date Stone has the inscription (in vertical and centred format): 'Penistone Town Council - Community Centre - 1987'. An interior plaque has the inscription in block capitals: 'These premises were purchased by the Penistone Town Council in March 1986 for use as a Community Centre'.
1987 April Penistone twinned with Grindavik in Iceland. The late Cllr George Punt was a leading light in setting this up. This date comes from an article in Barnsley Chronicle (29th November 2013) describing an exhibition in Penistone Library to coincide with a visit from Icelandic notables. A similar display was also set up in Grindavik.
1988   Deepcar Brass Band founded. Still in operation in 2013. (As recorded in an EPIP document)
  Penistone Bridge becomes 'Grade II Listed' this year. See 1915 and English Heritage.
3rd Sept. Ninth Denby Dale Pie, to celebrate the bi-centenary of the first pie. The dish was 20ft x 7ft and 18 inches deep. Its contents included 3,000kgs English beef, 3,000kgs potatoes and 700kgs onions. Whilst the Pie was a success, the day did not go well. Pie Day was windy, cold and damp and the event was badly located and poorly marshalled, with limited access points. The pressure of an accumulating mass of people at a very slow entrance led to the drystone wall being trampled down and a mass invasion of the field, with some loss of revenue. A BBC Radio One Roadshow trailer was sited near to a steam-driven Carousel, which on occasions engulfed the stoically cheerful and shorts-wearing BBC presenters in plumes of choking smoke, to the amusement of the shivering crowd. See Ref 20.
1989   A616 Stocksbridge Bypass opened. This is now the busy Sheffield to Manchester route, having diverted the traffic away from Stocksbridge town centre. The ribbon was cut by Paul Channon, the Transport Minister, but an old chap on a bicycle was first to cross the line. During construction, security guards employed by MacAlpine had been frightened by the spectre of 'a group of children in medieval costume, dancing round a bush just below Pearoyd Bridge (Tankersley end). Sceptical policemen were amused at first by the stories. Upon investigation on a dark night, they encountered the same spectre and other paranormal activities (including having their Land Rover shaken) and were also frightened out of their wits. On another occasion, a mediaeval monk disappeared into the headlights of the Police Land Rover. With typical good humour, an anonymous local farmer erected a Ghostbusters sign on the road. See Stocksbridge site, the Haunted Earth blog and Suite101, regarding the spectres.
  St Andrew's Church opened on the High Street site of the old St Paul's Chapel, which had to be demolished because it had been riddled with woodworm. After the Netherfield United Reformed Church closed in 1981, its congregation joined that of St Paul's and it became a private residence, with its graveyard falling into decay. The graveyard was later partly built over as a parking area. St Andrew's. See Netherfield Church archive for a list of available records.
  Penistone Grammar School became the only 11 – 18 Local Education Authority-maintained school in the Barnsley borough. BMBC allowed it to retained its Sixth Form, which took over the remaining Workhouse buildings. See PGS Heritage and the PGS History page.
1991   Population of Penistone 9,537. Ref 11.
1992 January Kidnapper Michael Sams, a one-legged toolmaker, collected £175,000 ransom for the release of estate agent Stephanie Slater. On a misty night, Police tracked Stephanie's manager Kevin Watt carrying the money, but were out-smarted by Sams. The bag of money was placed on a tin tray on the parapet of a disused railway bridge over the former Wombwell line. Hiding in the dark below, Sams tugged a rope, the money fell down and he made his escape on a moped through the old Silkstone tunnels. The year before, Sams had kidnapped and murdered a street girl, Julie Dart, from Leeds. He had tried to ransom her after burying the body. He was arrested in 1992 after his first ex-wife recognised his recorded voice on BBC TV's Crimewatch and he was sentenced to life imprisonment. Police recovered £150,000 buried in a field, using Ground Penetrating Radar. See The Independent report and the 'Forgotten Relics' site.
  Penistone Grammar School held a series of events to mark its 600-year anniversary from 1392. This culminated in a grand assembly with speeches and thank-yous, like a big reunion of its alumni. See the PGS-Archive site for an extensive photo album of the PGS buildings before they were demolished. Also see a video clip of the 1992 reunion on PGS Archive's Facebook.
1993   Penistone and District Society restore St Mary's Well, near Penistone Bridge at Bridge End. This led to the adoption of an annual Well-Dressing ceremony from 1994 to c.2008, with a church procession, blessing of the well and band music. Children in local schools participated in the event by making murals in flower petals, which were exhibited across the road and judged for a prize. This custom had been 'borrowed' from neighbouring Derbyshire but was largely ignored by many non-churchgoers in the area. See my Well Dressing page.
2nd April The Metro Cinema reverted to local control by Penistone Town Council this year, although still in the ownership of BMBC who had appropriated Penistone's assets in 1974. Ref 24.
  The David Brown company floated on the Stock Market as a public company, to be acquired by Textron Inc. October 1998. See the David Brown history page. Also see Grace's Guide: David Brown and Sons and Wikipedia.
  Thirteen Wind Turbines completed at Royd Moor, about four miles north-west of Penistone, OS Co-ordinates: SE 220 040. This was the first wind-farm in our area, set in two parallel, staggered rows of six and seven on a ridge about 1,000 feet a.s.l. and visible for a long distance to the north. Each turbine was rated at 500kW, 35m high to the hub, and 37m rotor diameter. The total output could reach 6.5 MW under ideal conditions. The public was able to scrutinise the full plans in Penistone Library. Local concerns were mostly the possible blight of pylons. This was Barnsley Planning Application B/92/0574/PR (no longer available online).
1994   Penistone's last public urinal demolished by Barnsley Council. This simple, century-old, stone structure was on Thurlstone Road in the general area of the old Drill Hall (now Sports Centre). A similar one had resided on the pavement close to St Mary's Street bridge, on the Coal Drops side. It is likely that it was demolished around the same time.
1996   Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE = 'Mad Cow Disease'), in parts of the country causes restrictions on the movement of cattle. Penistone cattle market under great strain. This might have been the beginning of its demise.
1998   Stocksbridge College for Further Education, originally opened in 1966 by then Prime Minister Harold Wilson on Hole House Lane, Stocksbridge closed for the last time and was demolished. Its catchment area included Penistone.
1999   Built in 1807, Hoylandswaine Methodist Church held its last wedding ceremony this year, for Philip and Julie Buckley. It held its last Carol Service in December 2013, prior to closing.
Sept Mr Gordon Wood died. He took over the petrol garage in Oxspring after his father Jim had died. Gordon was regarded as a 'real gentleman', who looked after his customers with friendship and charm. The garage had been noted far and wide for good service and kept the title of 'MA Wood' until the end. It was later demolished to make way for new houses. See also 2000.
  The 'Mighty Paramount Theatre Organ' installed in Penistone Town Hall/cinema. This had been built for the 3,000-seat Birmingham Odeon cinema in 1937, restored in the 1950s and removed in 1988 to 'The Regal' in Oswestry. The Regal closed in 1994 and Blackpool organist Kevin Grunhill bought it from them. After careful restoration, it was installed in Penistone with due ceremony. This led to a new name for the theatre, the 'Penistone Paramount', which replaced the generally unloved name of 'The Metro Cinema' from 1986. The first organ recital at the Paramount was in November 2001. See the Cinema Organ Trust site, my Paramount section and the Town Hall and Library History Page.
Quick Links: Intro - 1000 - 1600 - 1700 - 1800 - 1900 - 2000 - Refs - Generate English calendar for year: Time & Date
Penistone

Royalty During This Period
The name Saxe-Coburg-Gotha came to the British Royal Family in 1840 with the marriage of Queen Victoria to Prince Albert, son of Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha. Queen Victoria herself remained a member of the House of Hanover. King George V replaced the German-sounding title with that of Windsor during the First World War, for obvious reasons. The name Saxe-Coburg-Gotha survived in other European monarchies, including the current Belgian Royal Family and the former monarchies of Portugal and Bulgaria.

The first monarch to be a qualified pilot, Edward VIII created The King's Flight in 1936, now known as 32 (The Royal) Squadron, to provide air transport for the Royal family's official duties. Having fallen in love with Mrs Wallis Simpson, a married American woman, concern grew about Edward's private life in the Cabinet, opposition parties and the Dominions when Mrs Simpson obtained a divorce in 1936. Mrs Simpson had been twice divorced and was thought to be unacceptable as Queen. Edward was determined to marry her but had to make the choice between crown and Mrs Simpson.

On 10th December 1936, Edward VIII executed an Instrument of Abdication which was given legal effect the following day, when Edward gave Royal Assent to His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act, by which Edward VIII and any children he might have were excluded from succession to the throne.

See The British Monarchy.

The Hanoverians, from 1714 to 1901:

Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

The House of Windsor


Sources Used in the Timeline
The Books:

Some small details were added from 'An Explorer's Guide to Penistone & District', 2006, a few leaflets describing local walks and some anecdotal remarks from Penistone people. Where information is anecdotal, it has been marked as such.


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